Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web References

Taxon: Euonymus europaeus L.

 
Genus: Euonymus
Family: Celastraceae
Subfamily: Celastroideae
Nomen number: 16258
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:197. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 22-Mar-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 30 (17 active, 5 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • common spindle  (Source: Zander ed17) - English
  • European spindletree  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • spindle  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • spindletree  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • bonnet de prêtre  (Source: Zander ed17) - French
  • fusain d'Europe  (Source: Zander ed17) - French
  • gewöhnliches Pfaffenhütchen  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • benved  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • beresklet evropejskij  (Source: F Baltic) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Materials:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Norway (s.), Sweden (s.), United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (s.)] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Blakelock, R. A. 1951. A synopsis of the genus Euonymus L.. Kew Bull. 1951:245-246.
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  6. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  8. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  9. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  10. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  11. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  12. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  13. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  14. Laasimer, L. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants.
  15. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  16. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  17. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  18. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  19. Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  20. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  21. Zohary, M. et al. 1980-. Conspectus florae orientalis.
  22. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.
  23. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Euonymus europaeus L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Euonymus europaeus cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=16258. Accessed 20 September 2019.