Taxon: Euonymus europaeus L.

Genus: Euonymus
Family: Celastraceae
Subfamily: Celastroideae
Nomen number: 16258
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:197. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 22-Mar-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Mar-2006
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 17 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Other conspecific taxa:

Common names:

  • common spindle  (Source: Zander ed17) - English
  • European spindletree  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • spindle  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • spindletree  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • bonnet de prêtre  (Source: Zander ed17) - French
  • fusain d'Europe  (Source: Zander ed17) - French
  • gewöhnliches Pfaffenhütchen  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • benved  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • beresklet evropejskij  (Source: F Baltic) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Krussmann)
  • Materials: latex/rubber (potential source of gutta percha fide F USSR)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2; Lampe & McCann)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan ; Georgia ; Russian Federation Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Estonia ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Moldova ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czechoslovakia ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Ireland ; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bulgaria ; Former Yugoslavia ; Greece ; Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain

  • Cultivated


  • Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Blakelock, R. A. 1951. A synopsis of the genus Euonymus L. Kew Bull. 1951:245-246.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Laasimer, L. et al., eds. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants. (F Baltic)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  • Rehder, A. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. (Rehder)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Zohary, M. et al. Conspectus florae orientalis. (L Orient)


Check other web resources for Euonymus europaeus L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Euonymus europaeus cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.