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Taxon: Euonymus europaeus L.

 
Genus: Euonymus
Family: Celastraceae
Subfamily: Celastroideae
Nomen number: 16258
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:197. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 22-Mar-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Mar-2006
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 30 (17 active, 9 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Other conspecific taxa:

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • common spindle  (Source: Zander ed17) - English
  • European spindletree  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • spindle  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • spindletree  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • bonnet de prêtre  (Source: Zander ed17) - French
  • fusain d'Europe  (Source: Zander ed17) - French
  • gewöhnliches Pfaffenhütchen  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • benved  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • beresklet evropejskij  (Source: F Baltic) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Krussmann)
  • Materials:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Norway (s.), Sweden (s.), United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (s.)] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource) (Mid Atl Invasive Pl)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Blakelock, R. A. 1951. A synopsis of the genus Euonymus L. Kew Bull. 1951:245-246.
  5. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  6. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  8. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  10. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  11. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  12. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  13. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  14. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  15. Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  16. Laasimer, L. et al., eds. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants. (F Baltic)
  17. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  19. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  20. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  21. Rehder, A. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. (Rehder)
  22. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  23. Zohary, M. et al. Conspectus florae orientalis. (L Orient)

Check other web resources for Euonymus europaeus L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Euonymus europaeus cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=16258. Accessed 22 October 2018.