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Taxon: Euphorbia esula L.

 
Genus: Euphorbia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Nomen number: 16366
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:461. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: non Euphorbia esula auct. mult. (= E. virgata Waldst. & Kit., a noxious North American weed)
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 08-May-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 2 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation, [Altay, Buryatia, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Amur]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Finland
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Adventive

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Indiana, Michigan, New York]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [North Dakota]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]


    Naturalized

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Norway, United Kingdom

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta]
    • Mexico


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Augé, M. et al. 2016. Genetic characterization of a red colour morph of Euphorbia esula subsp. esula (Euphorbiaceae) in the floodplains of the Saône (Eastern France). Botany 94:1001-1007.
  3. Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. 1989-. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares.
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  5. Crompton, C. W. et al. 1990. Morphometric studies of the Euphorbia esula group in North America. Canad. J. Bot. 68:1978-1988.
  6. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  8. Frajman, B. & P. Schönswetter. 2011. Giants and dwarfs: molecular phylogenies reveal multiple origins of annual spurges within Euphorbia subg. Esula. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 61:413-424.
  9. Geltman, D. V. 1998. Taxonomic notes on Euphorbia esula (Euphorbiaceae) with special reference to its occurrence in the east part of the Baltic region. Ann. Bot. Fenn. 35:116.
  10. Govaerts, R. et al. 2000. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae
  11. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist. Note: = aggr.
  12. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  13. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  14. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  15. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  16. Riina, R. & P. E. Berry, coord. Euphorbia Planetary Biodiversity Inventory (on-line resource). URL: http://app.tolkin.org/projects/72/taxa/91518 target='_blank'
  17. Riina, R. et al. 2013. A worldwide molecular phylogeny and classification of the leafy spurges, Euphorbia subgenus Esula (Euphorbiaceae). Taxon 62:316-342.
  18. Riina, R. et al. 2016. Euphorbia. Flora of North America. 12:312
  19. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  20. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  21. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Euphorbia esula L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=16366. Accessed 16 July 2019.