Taxon: Euphorbia esula L.

 
Genus: Euphorbia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Nomen number: 16366
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:461. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: non Euphorbia esula auct. mult. (= E. virgata Waldst. & Kit., a noxious North American weed)
Name Verified on: 08-May-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 08-May-2012
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Other conspecific taxa:

Common names:

Distributional Range:

    Native

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal Azores
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan ; Georgia ; Russian Federation Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Korea
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan ; Tajikistan ; Turkmenistan ; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation Amur
    • Siberia: Russian Federation Altay, Buryatia, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk; Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Iran ; Iraq ; Lebanon ; Syria ; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Estonia ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Moldova ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Finland
    • Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria ; Former Yugoslavia ; Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain

  • Naturalized

  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Norway ; United Kingdom
  • Northern America

    • Mexico
    • Eastern Canada: Canada Ontario
    • Western Canada: Canada Alberta

  • Adventive

  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States North Dakota
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Indiana, Michigan, New York
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States Hawaii

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Augé, M. et al. 2016. Genetic characterization of a red colour morph of Euphorbia esula subsp. esula (Euphorbiaceae) in the floodplains of the Saône (Eastern France) (Botany) 94:1001-1007.
  • Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares. 1989- (F Iberica)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Crompton, C. W. et al. 1990. Morphometric studies of the Euphorbia esula group in North America Canad. J. Bot. 68:1978-1988.
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Frajman, B. & P. Schönswetter 2011. Giants and dwarfs: molecular phylogenies reveal multiple origins of annual spurges within Euphorbia subg. Esula Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 61:413-424.
  • Geltman, D. V. 1998. Taxonomic notes on Euphorbia esula (Euphorbiaceae) with special reference to its occurrence in the east part of the Baltic region Ann. Bot. Fenn. 35:116.
  • Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Riina, R. & P. E. Berry, coord. Euphorbia Planetary Biodiversity Inventory (on-line resource). (Euphorb PBI)
  • Riina, R. et al. 2016. Euphorbia (F NAmer) 12:312
  • Riina, R. et al. 2013. A worldwide molecular phylogeny and classification of the leafy spurges, Euphorbia subgenus Esula (Euphorbiaceae) (Taxon) 62:316-342.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)

Check other web resources for Euphorbia esula L. :