Taxon: Euphorbia helioscopia L.

 
Genus: Euphorbia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Nomen number: 16373
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:459. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 08-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 04-Jun-1998
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 5 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Anhui, Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hubei, Jiangsu, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku] Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Bihar, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir (n.), Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh] Pakistan (w.)
    • INDO-CHINA: Vietnam

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography. 2007 (Euphorb India)
  3. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  5. Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7. 2001 (L Noms French ed7)
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  7. Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. 1992 (L Oman)
  8. Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  9. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  10. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  11. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  12. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  13. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  14. Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. (F Saudi ed3)
  15. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  16. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  17. Oudejans, R. C. H. M. World catalogue of species names published in the tribe Euphorbieae (Euphorbiaceae) with their geographical distribution. 1990 (L Euphorbieae)
  18. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  19. Radcliffe-Smith, A. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  20. Riina, R. 2011. Review of Euphorbiaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.) via e-mail on 11 Jan.
  21. Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  22. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  23. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  24. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)

Check other web resources for Euphorbia helioscopia L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=16373. Accessed 20 April 2018.