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Taxon: Euphorbia heterophylla L.

 
Genus: Euphorbia
Subgenus: Poinsettia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Nomen number: 16374
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:453. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: non Euphorbia heterophylla auct. N. Amer. (= E. cyathophora Murray)
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 02-Jul-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 10 (8 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama (s.), Florida, Georgia (s.), Louisiana, Mississippi (s.)]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Durango, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Baja California Sur]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México, Michoacán de Ocampo, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, Yucatán]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, St. Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, [Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, U.S.] Virgin Islands (British)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Amazonas, Bahia, Goiás, Maranhão, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, São Paulo, Rondônia, Distrito Federal]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, [Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz] Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Córdoba, Corrientes, Formosa, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta, Tucumán] Paraguay


    Naturalized (natzd. throughout tropic, subtropic, & warm-temperate regions)

    Other (exact native range in neotropics obscure)

References:

  1. Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty. 2007. The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography
  2. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  3. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  4. Dressler, R. L. 1961. A synopsis of Poinsettia (Euphorbiaceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 48:339. Note: = Poinsettia heterophylla (L.) Klotzsch & Garcke
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  6. Govaerts, R. et al. 2000. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae
  7. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  8. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  9. Holm, L. et al. 1997. World weeds: natural histories and distribution John Wiley & Sons, New York, New York. 360.
  10. Howard, R. 1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 5:49.
  11. Liogier, H. A. 1981-. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-.
  12. Liogier, H. A. 1984-. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  13. Marzocca, A. 1994. Guia descriptiva de malezas del cono sur. 118.
  14. Mayfield, M. H. 1997. A systematic treatment of Euphorbia subgenus Poinsettia (Euphorbiaceae). Unpublished dissertation (University of Texas at Austin) 108-143.
  15. Norton, J. et al. 2009. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar.
  16. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 12(1):268.
  17. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  18. Plant Protection and Quarantine Office. United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Federal noxious weed list (on-line resource). Note: = Euphorbia prunifolia
  19. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  20. Reitz, R., ed. 1988. Flora ilustrada catarinense. 352-355.
  21. Riina, R. 2011. Review of Euphorbiaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2. pers. comm. via e-mail on 11 Jan.
  22. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  23. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  24. Steinmann, V. W. & R. S. Felger. 1997. The Euphorbiaceae of Sonora, Mexico. Aliso 16:56.
  25. Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  26. Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agricultural Handbook no. 505
  27. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Euphorbia heterophylla L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=16374. Accessed 15 July 2019.