Taxon: Euphorbia heterophylla L.

 
Genus: Euphorbia
  Subgenus: Poinsettia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
  Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
      Tribe: Euphorbieae
        Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Nomen number: 16374
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:453. 1753
Comment: non Euphorbia heterophylla auct. N. Amer. (= E. cyathophora Murray)
Name Verified on: 02-Jul-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 10 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases (fide WorldWeeds 360. 1997)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):268. 1999)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Noxweed Aust; Atlas WWeed)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range in neotropics obscure

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Sur, - Chihuahua, - Durango, - Nuevo Leon, - San Luis Potosi, - Sinaloa, - Sonora, - Tamaulipas
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Florida, - Georgia, - Louisiana, - Mississippi
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, - Chiapas, - Colima, - Guanajuato, - Guerrero, - Hidalgo, - Jalisco, - Mexico, - Michoacan, - Morelos, - Nayarit, - Oaxaca, - Puebla, - Queretaro, - Quintana Roo, - Tabasco, - Veracruz, - Yucatan
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil - Amazonas, - Bahia, - Goias, - Maranhao, - Mato Grosso, - Minas Gerais, - Parana, - Pernambuco, - Rio de Janeiro, - Santa Catarina, - Sao Paulo, - Rondonia, - Federal District
    • Caribbean: Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Bermuda; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Lucia; Trinidad and Tobago; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Central America: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Cordoba, - Corrientes, - Formosa, - Jujuy, - Misiones, - Salta, - Tucuman; Paraguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia - Cochabamba, - La Paz, - Santa Cruz; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. throughout tropic, subtropic, & warm-temperate regions

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography. 2007 (Euphorb India)
  • Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Dressler, R. L. 1961. A synopsis of Poinsettia (Euphorbiaceae) Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 48:339.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Holm, L. et al. World weeds: natural histories and distribution. 1997 (WorldWeeds) 360.
  • Howard, R. 1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt) 5:49.
  • Liogier, A. H. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-. 1981- (F Hispan)
  • Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. 1984- (F PuertoR)
  • Marzocca, A. 1994. Guia descriptiva de malezas del cono sur 118.
  • Mayfield, M. H. 1997. A systematic treatment of Euphorbia subgenus Poinsettia (Euphorbiaceae) (Ph.D.) (University of Texas at Austin) 108-143.
  • Norton, J. et al. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar. 2009 (Ill L Qatar)
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):268.
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Plant Protection and Quarantine Office United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Federal noxious weed list (on-line resource). (USDA/APHIS)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Reitz, R., ed. 1988. Flora ilustrada catarinense. 1965- (F SCatarin) 352-355.
  • Riina, R. 2011. Review of Euphorbiaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.) via e-mail on 11 Jan.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Steinmann, V. W. & R. S. Felger 1997. The Euphorbiaceae of Sonora, Mexico (Aliso) 16:56.
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). 2001 (F Nicaragua)
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)

Synonyms:

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