Taxon: Euphorbia heterophylla L.

 
Genus: Euphorbia
Subgenus: Poinsettia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Nomen number: 16374
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:453. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: non Euphorbia heterophylla auct. N. Amer. (= E. cyathophora Murray)
Typification:
Name Verified on: 02-Jul-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 8 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):268. 1999)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Noxweed Aust; Atlas WWeed)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama (s.), Florida, Georgia (s.), Louisiana, Mississippi (s.)]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja Sur, Chihuahua, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, St. Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago, Virgin Islands (British), Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Amazonas, Bahia, Federal District, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Parana, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rondonia, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, [Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz] Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Cordoba, Corrientes, Formosa, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta, Tucuman] Paraguay


    Naturalized (natzd. throughout tropic, subtropic, & warm-temperate regions)

    Other (exact native range in neotropics obscure)

References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography. 2007 (Euphorb India)
  3. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  4. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  5. Dressler, R. L. 1961. A synopsis of Poinsettia (Euphorbiaceae) Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 48:339.
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  7. Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  8. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  9. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  10. Holm, L. et al. World weeds: natural histories and distribution. 1997 (WorldWeeds) 360.
  11. Howard, R. 1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt) 5:49.
  12. Liogier, A. H. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-. (F Hispan)
  13. Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. (F PuertoR)
  14. Marzocca, A. 1994. Guia descriptiva de malezas del cono sur 118.
  15. Mayfield, M. H. 1997. A systematic treatment of Euphorbia subgenus Poinsettia (Euphorbiaceae) (Ph.D.) (University of Texas at Austin) 108-143.
  16. Norton, J. et al. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar. (Ill L Qatar)
  17. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):268.
  18. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  19. Plant Protection and Quarantine Office United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Federal noxious weed list (on-line resource). (USDA/APHIS)
  20. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  21. Reitz, R., ed. 1988. Flora ilustrada catarinense. (F SCatarin) 352-355.
  22. Riina, R. 2011. Review of Euphorbiaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.) via e-mail on 11 Jan.
  23. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  24. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  25. Steinmann, V. W. & R. S. Felger 1997. The Euphorbiaceae of Sonora, Mexico (Aliso) 16:56.
  26. Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). (F Nicaragua)
  27. Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)

Check other web resources for Euphorbia heterophylla L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=16374. Accessed 27 May 2018.