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Taxon: Euphorbia prostrata Aiton

 
Genus: Euphorbia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Nomen number: 16401
Place of publication: Hort. kew. 2:139. 1789
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 22-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-Dec-2009
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 1 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (as Chamaesyce prostrata)
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Oklahoma]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Bahamas, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago, Virgin Islands (British), Virgin Islands (U.S.) [St. John]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (n.), Paraguay


    Adventive

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Egypt, [Sinai] Israel


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde, Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Rwanda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Ryukyu Islands] Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: India, [Andaman and Nicobar] Thailand
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia]

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece, Italy (incl. Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Northern America
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Nebraska, South Dakota]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]
    • United States (n. & c.)

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Guam, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Northern Mariana Islands, U.S. Outlying Islands [Wake Island]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: Cook Islands, French Polynesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Kiribati [Gilbert Islands]


    Uncertain

    Northern America
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Missouri]


    Other (exact native range in United States obscure)

References:

  1. Australia's Virtual Herbarium (on-line resource). (Aust Virtual Herb)
  2. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581. (F St John)
  3. Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  4. Airy Shaw, H. K. 1980. The Euphorbiaceae of New Guinea Kew Bull. add. ser., 8:87.
  5. Airy Shaw, H. K. 1982. The Euphorbiaceae of Central Malesia (Celebes, Moluccas, Lesser Sunda Is.) Kew Bull. 37:19.
  6. Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography. 2007 (Euphorb India)
  7. Balick, M. J. et al. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85. 2000 (L Belize NY)
  8. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. (F Mascar)
  9. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  10. Burger, W. C., ed. Flora costaricensis. (F CostaR)
  11. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  12. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  13. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  14. Florence, J. Flore de la Polynésie française. (F Polynes)
  15. Fosberg, F. R. et al. Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae/ Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae. (L Micrones)
  16. Funk, V. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. 2007 (L Guiana Shield)
  17. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  18. Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  19. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  20. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  21. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  22. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  23. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  24. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  25. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  26. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  27. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  28. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  29. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  30. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  31. Liogier, A. H. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-. (F Hispan)
  32. Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. (F PuertoR)
  33. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  34. Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. (F Philipp)
  35. Missouri Botanical Garden W³Tropicos (on-line resource). (TROPICOS)
  36. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  37. Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. Flora of Thailand. (F Thailand)
  38. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  39. Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). (F Nicaragua)
  40. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. (F VenGuay)
  41. Troupin, G. Flore du Rwanda. (F Rwanda)
  42. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  43. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  44. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  45. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  46. Yatskievych, G. Steyermark's Flora of Missouri, revised edition. 1999- (F Missouri ed2)
  47. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Euphorbia prostrata Aiton :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=16401. Accessed 18 November 2018.