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Taxon: Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. ex Klotzsch

 
Genus: Euphorbia
Subgenus: Poinsettia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Nomen number: 16403
Place of publication: Allg. Gartenzeitung 2:27. 1834
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 02-Jul-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 11 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • Christmas-flower  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Christmas-star  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • lobsterplant  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Mexican flameleaf  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • paintedleaf  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • poinsettia  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • flor-de-papagaio  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • folha-de-sangue  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • papagaio  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • poinsétia  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • flor de pascua  (Source: pers. comm.) - Spanish
  • pascuero  (Source: pers. comm.) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Social:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Durango, Sinaloa]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chiapas, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacán de Ocampo, Nayarit, Oaxaca]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

References:

  1. Burger, W. C., ed. 1971-. Flora costaricensis.
  2. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  3. Dressler, R. L. 1961. A synopsis of Poinsettia (Euphorbiaceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 48:335. Note: = Poinsettia pulcherrima (Willd. ex Klotzsch) Graham
  4. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  6. Govaerts, R. et al. 2000. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae
  7. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  8. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  9. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  10. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  11. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  12. Mabberley, D. J. 2008. Mabberley's plant-book: a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses, ed. 3 326. Note: re. Christmas association
  13. Mayfield, M. H. 1997. A systematic treatment of Euphorbia subgenus Poinsettia (Euphorbiaceae). Unpublished dissertation (University of Texas at Austin) 217-224.
  14. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  15. Merrill, E. D. 1922-1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. Note: mentions
  16. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  17. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  18. Reitz, R., ed. 1965-. Flora ilustrada catarinense.
  19. Riina, R. 2011. Review of Euphorbiaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2. pers. comm. via e-mail on 11 Jan.
  20. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  21. Trejo, L. et al. 2012. Poinsettia's wild ancestor in the mexican dry tropics: Historical, genetic, and environmental evidence. Amer. J. Bot. 99:1146-1157.
  22. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.

Check other web resources for Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. ex Klotzsch :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=16403. Accessed 16 September 2019.