Taxon: Festuca rubra L.

 
Genus: Festuca
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Pooideae
      Tribe: Poeae
        Subtribe: Loliinae
Nomen number: 16718
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:74. 1753
Name Verified on: 08-Jan-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 20-Apr-2009
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 513 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Grass VarUSA)
  • Environmental: lawn/turf (fide Grass VarUSA)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury, as F. rubra var. commutata)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation-Far East - Far East
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Iran
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Faroe Islands; Finland; Iceland; Ireland; Norway; Svalbard and Jan Mayen; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Minnesota, - Nebraska, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Vermont
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Delaware, - Georgia, - Maryland, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Nevada, - Utah
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, - Yukon Territory; Greenland
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, - British Columbia, - Manitoba, - Saskatchewan

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere

    Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aiken, S. G. et al. Festuca of North America: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval. 1996- (Festuca N Amer)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. 1995 (Grass VarUSA)
  • Alexeev, E. 1979. Genus Festuca L. in Asia Media Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 15:44.
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. 1972- (Intermt F)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. 1997 (F Korea)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Sell, P. & G. Murrell Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. 1996- (F GB Ire)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Festuca rubra L. :

Images:

  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image