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Taxon: Ficus carica L.

 
Genus: Ficus
Section: Ficus
Family: Moraceae
Tribe: Ficeae
Nomen number: 16801
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1059. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/359080
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 08-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 840 (369 active, 123 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food: fruit
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran (n. & w.), Iraq (n.), Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Tajikistan (s.), Turkmenistan (s.)

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (s. & Corsica), Spain [Baleares]


    Cultivated (widely cult. in tropics & subtropics)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde, Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • United States

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador [Galápagos]


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Ficus_carica/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils (unpublished draft)
  4. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986-1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Ficus+carica&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  8. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  9. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 1:368-370.
  10. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  11. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  12. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  13. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants
  14. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  15. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  16. Mars, M. 2003. Fig (Ficus carica L.) genetic resources and breeding. Acta Hort. 605:19-27.
  17. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  18. Meyer, F. G. et al. 1994. A catalog of cultivated woody plants of the southeastern United States
  19. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:100.
  20. Norton, J. et al. 2009. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar.
  21. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  23. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  24. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  25. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  26. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Ficus carica L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=16801. Accessed 18 September 2019.