Taxon: Gossypium anomalum Wawra

 
Genus: Gossypium
  Subgenus: Gossypium
    Section: Gossypium
      Subsection: Anomala
Family: Malvaceae
  Subfamily: Malvoideae
      Tribe: Gossypieae
Nomen number: 17896
Place of publication: H. Wawra & J. J. Peyritsch, Sitzungsber. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 38:561. 1860
Comment: authorship verified from original literature, where Wawra is identified as author of Polypetalae on page 555
Name Verified on: 10-Aug-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 08-Sep-2014
Species priority site is: Cotton Collection (COT)
Accessions: 15 in National Plant Germplasm System

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of short-staple cotton (based on crosses with A-genome Gossypium herbaceum fide Genet Genom Cotton 93. 2009)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of cotton (based on the need of chromosome doubling for hybrids derived from crosses with Gossypium hirsutum fide Fryxell, USDA ARS-S 137:2. 1976)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of Sea Island cotton (based on affinities to AD-genome Gossypium barbadense fide Genet Genom Cotton 12. 2009)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of tree cotton (based on crosses with A-genome Gossypium arboreum fide Biotechnol Agric For 42:81-86. 1998)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola
    • Southern Africa: Namibia
    • West Tropical Africa: Niger

References:

  • Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist. (Pl SAfr Online)
  • Bajaj, Y. P. S. & M. S. Gill 1998. Interspecific hybridization in cotton through embryo rescue and culture Biotechnol. Agric. Forest. 42:75-97.
  • Bajaj, Y. P. S. & M. S. Gill 1998. Interspecific hybridization in cotton through embryo rescue and culture Biotechnol. Agric. Forest. 42:75-97.
  • Beasley, J. O. 1942. Meiotic chromosome behavior in species, species hybrids, haploids, and induced polyploids of Gossypium (Genetics) 27:25-54.
  • Beasley, J. O. 1942. Meiotic chromosome behavior in species, species hybrids, haploids, and induced polyploids of Gossypium (Genetics) 27:25-54.
  • Campbell, B. T. et al. 2010. Status of the global cotton germplasm resources Crop Sci. (Madison) 50:1161-1179.
  • Carrisso, L. W. et al., eds. Conspectus florae angolensis. 1937- (F Angol)
  • Cotton Crop Germplasm Committee Cotton germplasm status report and crop vulnerability status. 2005 (Cotton Status Rep) 18.
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. 1953-1972 (F EthiopCuf)
  • Douwes, H. 1951. The cytological relationships of Gossypium somalense Gurke J. Genet. 50:179-191.
  • Emani, C. 2011. Chapter 6. Gossypium (Wild Crop Rel Ind Cr) 109-122.
  • Fryxell, P. A. 1976. A nomenclator of Gossypium. The botanical names of cotton Techn. Bull. U.S.D.A. 1491:17.
  • Fryxell, P. A. 1992. A revised taxonomic interpretation of Gossypium L. (Malvaceae) (Rheedea) 2:148.
  • Fryxell, P. A. 1979. The natural history of the cotton tribe. 1979 (Nat Hist Cotton) 64-65.
  • Fryxell, P. A. 1976. Germpool utilization: Gossypium, a case history Agric. Res. Results Agric. Res. Serv. U.S.D.A., S-Ser. 137:1-7.
  • Fryxell, P. A. 1976. Germpool utilization: Gossypium, a case history Agric. Res. Results Agric. Res. Serv. U.S.D.A., S-Ser. 137:1-7.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Kulkarni, V. N. et al. The worldwide gene pools of Gossypium arboreum L. and G. herbaceum L., and their improvement (Genet Genom Cotton) 93.
  • Kulkarni, V. N. et al. The worldwide gene pools of Gossypium arboreum L. and G. herbaceum L., and their improvement (Genet Genom Cotton) 93.
  • Meyer, V. G. 1973. A study of reciprocal hybrids between Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) and experimental lines with cytoplasms from seven other species Crop Sci. (Madison) 13:439-444.
  • Meyer, V. G. 1973. A study of reciprocal hybrids between Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) and experimental lines with cytoplasms from seven other species Crop Sci. (Madison) 13:439-444.
  • Percival, A. E. et al. Chapter 1.2. Taxonomy and germplasm resources (Cotton) 40, 56, 57.
  • Percival, A. E. et al. Chapter 1.2. Taxonomy and germplasm resources (Cotton) 40, 56, 57.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Schwendiman, J. A. 1974. Mise en évidence de trois nouvelles homéologies chromosomiques entre Gossypium anomalum et G. stocksii Canad. J. Genet. Cytol. 16:871-881.
  • Sushir, K. V. et al. 2008. RAPD and cytogenetic study in F1 and F2 of interspecific cross between Gossypium arboreum * Gossypium anomalum (Cytologia) 73:213-219.
  • Vollesen, K. 1987. The native species of Gossypium (Malvaceae) in Africa, Arabia and Pakistan Kew Bull. 42:337-349.
  • Wendel, J. F. et al. 2009. Evolution and natural history of the cotton genus (Genet Genom Cotton) 3-22.
  • Wendel, J. F. et al. 2009. Evolution and natural history of the cotton genus (Genet Genom Cotton) 3-22.

Check other web resources for Gossypium anomalum Wawra :

  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image