Taxon: Gossypium arboreum L.

Genus: Gossypium
Subgenus: Gossypium
Section: Gossypium
Subsection: Gossypium
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Gossypieae
Nomen number: 17897
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:693. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 10-Aug-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 05-Nov-2001
Species priority site is: Cotton Collection (COT)
Accessions: 1729 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • tree cotton  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • coton arborescent  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • baumformige Baumwolle  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • wata  (Source: F Okin) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • algodoeiro-arbóreo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • algodonero arbóreo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • trädbomull  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • shu mian  (Source: F China) - Transcribed Chinese
  • moghwa  (Source: Kulturpflanze) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in cotton (fide Genet Molec Res 10:2411. 2011)
  • Gene sources: potential for drought tolerance in cotton (fide Genet Res Crop Evol 53:1146. 2006)
  • Gene sources: potential for pest resistance in cotton (fide Genet Res Crop Evol 53:1146. 2006)
  • Materials: fiber (fide Pak Cottons 23:279. 1979)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kellerman et al., as Gossypium "arboceum")

Distributional Range:



  • Africa

    • Africa
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan ; Korea
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh ; India ; Pakistan
    • Indo-China: Myanmar


  • Ahmad, S. et al. 2011. Introgression of cotton leaf curl virus-resistant genes from Asiatic cotton (Gossypium arboreum) into upland cotton (G. hirsutum) Genet. Molec. Res. 10:2404-2414.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Brink, M. & R. P. Escobin, eds. 2003. Fibre plants (Pl Res SEAs) 17:139-150.
  • Carrisso, L. W. et al., eds. Conspectus florae angolensis. 1937- (F Angol)
  • Chen, Z. et al. 2016. Entire nucleotide sequences of Gossypium raimondii and G. arboreum mitochondrial genomes revealed A-genome species as cytoplasmic donor of the allotetraplod species Pl. Biol. doi:10.1111/plb.12536
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Emani, C. 2011. Chapter 6. Gossypium (Wild Crop Rel Ind Cr) 109-122.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Fryxell, P. A. 1976. A nomenclator of Gossypium. The botanical names of cotton Techn. Bull. U.S.D.A. 1491:18.
  • Fryxell, P. A. 1992. A revised taxonomic interpretation of Gossypium L. (Malvaceae) (Rheedea) 2:146.
  • Fryxell, P. A. 1979. The natural history of the cotton tribe. 1979 (Nat Hist Cotton) 62-64.
  • Humbert, J.-H., ed. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores. 1936- (F Madag)
  • Kantartzi, S. K. et al. 2009. Assessing genetic diversity in Gossypium arboreum L. cultivars using genomic and EST-derived microsatellites (Genetica) 136:141-147.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  • Kulkarni, V. N. et al. The worldwide gene pools of Gossypium arboreum L. and G. herbaceum L., and their improvement (Genet Genom Cotton) 69-97.
  • Li, F. et al. 2014. Genome sequence of the cultivated cotton Gossypium arboreum Nat. Genet. 46:567-572.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mirza, M. A. 1979. The present classification of the genus Gossypium [cotton] Pakistan Cottons 23:279.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:102.
  • Paul, T. K. & M. P. Nayar 1988. Malvaceae (Fasc F India) 19:112.
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Renny-Byfield, S. et al. 2016. Independent domestication of two Old World cotton species (Genome Biol Evol) 8:1940-1947.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Wendel, J. F. et al. 2009. Evolution and natural history of the cotton genus (Genet Genom Cotton) 3-22.


Check other web resources for Gossypium arboreum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image