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Taxon: Gossypium arboreum L.

 
Genus: Gossypium
Subgenus: Gossypium
Section: Gossypium
Subsection: Gossypium
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Gossypieae
Nomen number: 17897
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:693. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 10-Aug-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 2624 (1729 active, 1547 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • tree cotton  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • coton arborescent  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • baumformige Baumwolle  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • wata  (Source: F Okin) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • algodoeiro-arbóreo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • algodonero arbóreo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • trädbomull  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • shu mian  (Source: F China) - Transcribed Chinese
  • moghwa  (Source: Kulturpflanze) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Materials: fiber
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (as Gossypium "arboceum")

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated

    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar
    • Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, India, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar


    Other (origin uncertain)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Brink, M. & R. P. Escobin, eds. 2003. Fibre plants. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 17:139-150.
  3. Carrisso, L. W. et al., eds. 1937-. Conspectus florae angolensis.
  4. Chen, Z. et al. 2017. Entire nucleotide sequences of Gossypium raimondii and G. arboreum mitochondrial genomes revealed A-genome species as cytoplasmic donor of the allotetraplod species. Pl. Biol. 19:484-493.
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  6. Emani, C. 2011. Chapter 6. Gossypium. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, industrial crops 109-122.
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Gossypium+arboreum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  8. Fryxell, P. A. 1976. A nomenclator of Gossypium. The botanical names of cotton. Techn. Bull. U.S.D.A. 1491:18.
  9. Fryxell, P. A. 1979. The natural history of the cotton tribe 62-64.
  10. Fryxell, P. A. 1992. A revised taxonomic interpretation of Gossypium L. (Malvaceae). Rheedea 2:146.
  11. Humbert, J.-H., ed. 1936-. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores.
  12. Kantartzi, S. K. et al. 2009. Assessing genetic diversity in Gossypium arboreum L. cultivars using genomic and EST-derived microsatellites. Genetica 136:141-147.
  13. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  14. Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa Note: lists as "Gossypium arboceum"
  15. Kulkarni, V. N. et al. 2009. The worldwide gene pools of Gossypium arboreum L. and G. herbaceum L., and their improvement. Genetics and genomics of cotton 69-97.
  16. Li, F. et al. 2014. Genome sequence of the cultivated cotton Gossypium arboreum. Nat. Genet. 46:567-572.
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  18. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  19. Mirza, M. A. 1979. The present classification of the genus Gossypium [cotton]. Pakistan Cottons 23:279.
  20. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:102.
  21. Paul, T. K. & M. P. Nayar. 1988. Malvaceae. Fascicles of flora of India. 19:112.
  22. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  23. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  24. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  25. Renny-Byfield, S. et al. 2016. Independent domestication of two Old World cotton species. Genome Biol Evol 8:1940-1947.
  26. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  27. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  28. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  29. Wendel, J. F. et al. 2009. Evolution and natural history of the cotton genus. Genetics and genomics of cotton 3-22.

Check other web resources for Gossypium arboreum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=17897. Accessed 16 July 2019.