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Taxon: Gossypium barbadense L.

 
Genus: Gossypium
Subgenus: Karpas
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Gossypieae
Nomen number: 17904
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:693. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 10-Aug-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1854 (1628 active, 1281 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Materials: fiber (textile) fiber (source of pima or Egyptian cotton)
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador, [Guayas, Los Ríos] Peru [Tumbes]


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Beasley, J. O. 1942. Meiotic chromosome behavior in species, species hybrids, haploids, and induced polyploids of Gossypium. Genetics 27:25-54.
  3. Cotton Crop Germplasm Committee. 2005. Cotton germplasm status report and crop vulnerability status 18.
  4. Cotton Division AMS. 1980. The classification of cotton. U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 556:1.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  6. Endrizzi, J. E. et al. 1985. Genetics, cytology, and evolution of Gossypium. J. Genet. 23:271-375.
  7. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Gossypium+barbadense&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Fryxell, P. A. 1976. A nomenclator of Gossypium. The botanical names of cotton. Techn. Bull. U.S.D.A. 1491:21.
  10. Fryxell, P. A. 1979. The natural history of the cotton tribe 70-71.
  11. Fryxell, P. A. 1992. A revised taxonomic interpretation of Gossypium L. (Malvaceae). Rheedea 2:159.
  12. Fryxell, P. A. 1997. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  13. Gooding, E. G. et al. 1965. Flora of Barbados.
  14. Grover, C. E. et al. 2015. Re-evaluating the phylogeny of allpolyploid Gossypium L.. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 92:45-52.
  15. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973-. Flora of Ecuador.
  16. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  17. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  18. Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa Note: poisonous
  19. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  20. Lee, J. A. 1981. Genetics of D3 complementary lethality in Gossypium hirsutum and G. barbadense. J. Heredity 72:299-300.
  21. Lubbers, E. L. & P. W. Chee. 2009. The worldwide gene pool of G. hirsutum and its improvement. Genetics and genomics of cotton 23-52.
  22. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  23. Paul, T. K. & M. P. Nayar. 1988. Malvaceae. Fascicles of flora of India. 19:114.
  24. Percy, R. G. & J. F. Wendel. 1990. Allozyme evidence for the origin and diversification of Gossypium barbadense L.. Theor. Appl. Genet. 79:529-542.
  25. Percy, R. G. 2009. The worldwide gene pool of Gossypium barbadense L. and its improvement. Genetics and genomics of cotton 53-68.
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  27. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  28. Soukup, J. 1970. Vocabulario de los nombres vulgares de la flora peruana.
  29. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  30. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  31. Wendel, J. F. & V. A. Albert. 1992. Phylogenetics of the cotton genus (Gossypium): character state weighted parsimony analysis of chloroplast-DNA restriction site data and its systematic and biogeographic implications. Syst. Bot. 17:115-143. URL: www.aspt.net/systematic-botany
  32. Wendel, J. F. et al. 1992. Genetic diversity in Gossypium hirsutum and the origin of upland cotton. Amer. J. Bot. 79:1291-1310.
  33. Westengen, O. T. et al. 2005. Genetic diversity and geographic pattern in early South American cotton domestication. Theor. Appl. Genet. 110:392-402.
  34. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama.

Check other web resources for Gossypium barbadense L. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=17904. Accessed 22 November 2019.