Taxon: Gossypium hirsutum L.

 
Genus: Gossypium
Subgenus: Karpas
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Gossypieae
Nomen number: 17917
Place of publication: Sp. pl. ed. 2, 2:975. 1763
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 10-Aug-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 06-Jan-2003
Species priority site is: Cotton Collection (COT)
Accessions: 6396 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: oil/fat ()
  • Animal food: fodder (seed meal fide Fryxell, pers. comm. 1996)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of cotton (applies to wild populations fide Amer J Bot 81:1309-1326. 1994)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of Sea Island cotton (based on crossing compatibility and fertile hybrids with Gossypium barbadense although with prezygotic barriers fide Botany 90:164. 2012)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of short-staple cotton (based on sterile hybrids with A-genome species fide Genetics 27:36. 1942)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of tree cotton (based on sterile hybrids with A-genome species fide Genetics 27:36. 1942)
  • Materials: fiber ()
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Kellerman et al.)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Yucatan (wild populations in the Yucatan peninsula)]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, [Peten (wild populations)] Honduras, Nicaragua


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Uncertain

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida]

    Pacific
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia [Marquesas Islands]
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Samoa

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Paraguay [Presidente Hayes]


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Beasley, J. O. 1942. Meiotic chromosome behavior in species, species hybrids, haploids, and induced polyploids of Gossypium (Genetics) 27:25-54.
  4. Brubaker, C. L. & J. F. Wendel 1994. Reevaluating the origin of domesticated cotton (Gossypium hirsutum; Malvaceae) using nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) Amer. J. Bot. 81:1309-1326.
  5. Brubaker, C. L. et al. 1999. Production of fertile hybrid germplasm with diploid Australian Gossypium species for cotton improvement (Euphytica) 108:199-213.
  6. Coppens d'Eeckenbrugge, G. & J.-M. Lacape 2014. Distribution and differentiation of wild, feral, and cultivated populations of perennial upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in Mesoamerica and the Caribbean (PloS One) 9(9): e107458. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0107458
  7. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  9. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  10. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Fryxell, P. A. 1976. A nomenclator of Gossypium. The botanical names of cotton Techn. Bull. U.S.D.A. 1491:39.
  13. Fryxell, P. A. 1992. A revised taxonomic interpretation of Gossypium L. (Malvaceae) (Rheedea) 2:161.
  14. Fryxell, P. A. 1979. The natural history of the cotton tribe. 1979 (Nat Hist Cotton) 68-70.
  15. Fryxell, P. A. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  16. Jardín Botánico Nacional Flora de la República de Cuba. 1998- (F Cuba)
  17. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  18. Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  19. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  20. León, B. 1994. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  21. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  22. Lubbers, E. L. & P. W. Chee The worldwide gene pool of G. hirsutum and its improvement (Genet Genom Cotton) 23-52.
  23. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  24. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  25. McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  26. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  27. Paul, T. K. & M. P. Nayar 1988. Malvaceae (Fasc F India) 19:115.
  28. Pereira, G. S. et al. 2012. Selective fertilization in interspecific crosses of allotetraploid species of Gossypium (Botany) 90:159-166.
  29. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  30. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  31. Rapp, R. A. et al. 2010. Gene expression in developing fibres of Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) was massively B. M. C. Biol. 8:139.
  32. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  33. Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. (Dict Econ Pl)
  34. Wendel, J. F. et al. 1992. Genetic diversity in Gossypium hirsutum and the origin of upland cotton Amer. J. Bot. 79:1291-1310.
  35. Wendel, J. F. et al. 2009. Evolution and natural history of the cotton genus (Genet Genom Cotton) 3-22.
  36. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  37. Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource). (Atlas Florida)

Check other web resources for Gossypium hirsutum L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=17917. Accessed 26 April 2018.