Taxon: Gossypium hirsutum L.

Genus: Gossypium
Subgenus: Karpas
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Gossypieae
Nomen number: 17917
Place of publication: Sp. pl. ed. 2, 2:975. 1763
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 10-Aug-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 06-Jan-2003
Species priority site is: Cotton Collection (COT)
Accessions: 6396 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)


Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: oil/fat ()
  • Animal food: fodder (seed meal fide Fryxell, pers. comm. 1996)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of cotton (applies to wild populations fide Amer J Bot 81:1309-1326. 1994)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of Sea Island cotton (based on crossing compatibility and fertile hybrids with Gossypium barbadense although with prezygotic barriers fide Botany 90:164. 2012)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of short-staple cotton (based on sterile hybrids with A-genome species fide Genetics 27:36. 1942)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of tree cotton (based on sterile hybrids with A-genome species fide Genetics 27:36. 1942)
  • Materials: fiber ()
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Kellerman et al.)

Distributional Range:


    Northern America
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Yucatan (wild populations in the Yucatan peninsula)]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, [Peten (wild populations)] Honduras, Nicaragua

    Cultivated (widely cult.)


    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida]

    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia [Marquesas Islands]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Paraguay [Presidente Hayes]


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  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Beasley, J. O. 1942. Meiotic chromosome behavior in species, species hybrids, haploids, and induced polyploids of Gossypium (Genetics) 27:25-54.
  4. Brubaker, C. L. & J. F. Wendel 1994. Reevaluating the origin of domesticated cotton (Gossypium hirsutum; Malvaceae) using nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) Amer. J. Bot. 81:1309-1326.
  5. Brubaker, C. L. et al. 1999. Production of fertile hybrid germplasm with diploid Australian Gossypium species for cotton improvement (Euphytica) 108:199-213.
  6. Coppens d'Eeckenbrugge, G. & J.-M. Lacape 2014. Distribution and differentiation of wild, feral, and cultivated populations of perennial upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in Mesoamerica and the Caribbean (PloS One) 9(9): e107458. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0107458
  7. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  9. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  10. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Fryxell, P. A. 1976. A nomenclator of Gossypium. The botanical names of cotton Techn. Bull. U.S.D.A. 1491:39.
  13. Fryxell, P. A. 1992. A revised taxonomic interpretation of Gossypium L. (Malvaceae) (Rheedea) 2:161.
  14. Fryxell, P. A. 1979. The natural history of the cotton tribe. 1979 (Nat Hist Cotton) 68-70.
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  16. Jardín Botánico Nacional Flora de la República de Cuba. 1998- (F Cuba)
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  20. León, B. 1994. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
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  37. Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource). (Atlas Florida)

Check other web resources for Gossypium hirsutum L. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: Accessed 26 April 2018.