Taxon: Gossypium hirsutum L.

 
Genus: Gossypium
  Subgenus: Karpas
Family: Malvaceae
  Subfamily: Malvoideae
      Tribe: Gossypieae
Nomen number: 17917
Place of publication: Sp. pl. ed. 2, 2:975. 1763
Name Verified on: 10-Aug-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 06-Jan-2003
Species priority site is: Cotton Collection (COT)
Accessions: 6374 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: oil/fat (fide Cornucopia)
  • Animal food: fodder (seed meal fide Fryxell, pers. comm. 1996)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of cotton (applies to wild populations fide Amer J Bot 81:1309-1326. 1994)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of Sea Island cotton (based on crossing compatibility and fertile hybrids with Gossypium barbadense although with prezygotic barriers fide Botany 90:164. 2012)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of short-staple cotton (based on sterile hybrids with A-genome species fide Genetics 27:36. 1942)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of tree cotton (based on sterile hybrids with A-genome species fide Genetics 27:36. 1942)
  • Materials: fiber (fide Dict Econ Pl)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Kellerman et al.)

Distributional Range:

    Uncertain:

  • Northern America

    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
  • Pacific

    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia - Marquesas Islands
    • Southwestern Pacific: Samoa
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Cuba; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Puerto Rico
    • Southern South America: Paraguay - Presidente Hayes

  • Native:

  • Northern America

    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Yucatan
  • Southern America

    • Central America: Belize; El Salvador; Guatemala - Peten; Honduras; Nicaragua

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult.

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Beasley, J. O. 1942. Meiotic chromosome behavior in species, species hybrids, haploids, and induced polyploids of Gossypium (Genetics) 27:25-54.
  • Beasley, J. O. 1942. Meiotic chromosome behavior in species, species hybrids, haploids, and induced polyploids of Gossypium (Genetics) 27:25-54.
  • Brubaker, C. L. & J. F. Wendel 1994. Reevaluating the origin of domesticated cotton (Gossypium hirsutum; Malvaceae) using nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) Amer. J. Bot. 81:1309-1326.
  • Brubaker, C. L. et al. 1999. Production of fertile hybrid germplasm with diploid Australian Gossypium species for cotton improvement (Euphytica) 108:199-213.
  • Coppens d'Eeckenbrugge, G. & J.-M. Lacape 2014. Distribution and differentiation of wild, feral, and cultivated populations of perennial upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in Mesoamerica and the Caribbean (PloS One) 9(9): e107458. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0107458
  • Coppens d'Eeckenbrugge, G. & J.-M. Lacape 2014. Distribution and differentiation of wild, feral, and cultivated populations of perennial upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in Mesoamerica and the Caribbean (PloS One) 9(9): e107458. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0107458
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Cotton Crop Germplasm Committee Cotton germplasm status report and crop vulnerability status. 2005 (Cotton Status Rep) 18.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Fryxell, P. A. 1976. A nomenclator of Gossypium. The botanical names of cotton Techn. Bull. U.S.D.A. 1491:39.
  • Fryxell, P. A. 1992. A revised taxonomic interpretation of Gossypium L. (Malvaceae) (Rheedea) 2:161.
  • Fryxell, P. A. 1979. The natural history of the cotton tribe. 1979 (Nat Hist Cotton) 68-70.
  • Fryxell, P. A. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Jardín Botánico Nacional Flora de la República de Cuba. 1998- (F Cuba)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  • Khan, S. A. et al. 2000. Molecular phylogeny of Gossypium species by DNA fingerprinting Theor. Appl. Genet. 101:931-938.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • León, B. 1994. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Lubbers, E. L. & P. W. Chee The worldwide gene pool of G. hirsutum and its improvement (Genet Genom Cotton) 23-52.
  • Lubbers, E. L. & P. W. Chee The worldwide gene pool of G. hirsutum and its improvement (Genet Genom Cotton) 23-52.
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  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
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  • Paul, T. K. & M. P. Nayar 1988. Malvaceae (Fasc F India) 19:115.
  • Pereira, G. S. et al. 2012. Selective fertilization in interspecific crosses of allotetraploid species of Gossypium (Botany) 90:159-166.
  • Pereira, G. S. et al. 2012. Selective fertilization in interspecific crosses of allotetraploid species of Gossypium (Botany) 90:159-166.
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
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  • Rapp, R. A. et al. 2010. Gene expression in developing fibres of Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) was massively B. M. C. Biol. 8:139.
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. 1968 (Dict Econ Pl)
  • Wegier, A. et al. 2011. Recent long-distance transgene flow into wild populations conforms to historical patterns of gene flow in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) and its centre of origin Molec. Ecol. 20:4182-4194.
  • Wendel, J. F. et al. 1992. Genetic diversity in Gossypium hirsutum and the origin of upland cotton Amer. J. Bot. 79:1291-1310.
  • Wendel, J. F. et al. 2009. Evolution and natural history of the cotton genus (Genet Genom Cotton) 3-22.
  • Wendel, J. F. et al. 2009. Evolution and natural history of the cotton genus (Genet Genom Cotton) 3-22.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
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Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Gossypium hirsutum L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image