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Taxon: Gossypium hirsutum L.

 
Genus: Gossypium
Subgenus: Karpas
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Gossypieae
Nomen number: 17917
Place of publication: Sp. pl. ed. 2, 2:975. 1763
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 10-Aug-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 6757 (6456 active, 4786 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (seed meal fide)
  • Human food:
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Yucatán (wild populations in the Yucatan peninsula)]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, [Petén (wild populations)] Honduras, Nicaragua


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Uncertain

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida]

    Pacific
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia [Marquesas Islands]
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Samoa

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, United States [Puerto Rico]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Paraguay [Presidente Hayes]


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/cultural/Gossypium_hirsutum_K/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Beasley, J. O. 1942. Meiotic chromosome behavior in species, species hybrids, haploids, and induced polyploids of Gossypium. Genetics 27:25-54.
  4. Brubaker, C. L. & J. F. Wendel. 1994. Reevaluating the origin of domesticated cotton (Gossypium hirsutum; Malvaceae) using nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). Amer. J. Bot. 81:1309-1326. Note: provides evidence for considering the Yucatan peninsula as the site for early domestication
  5. Brubaker, C. L. et al. 1999. Production of fertile hybrid germplasm with diploid Australian Gossypium species for cotton improvement. Euphytica 108:199-213. Note: it reported sterile synthetic hybrids in crosses between Gossypium hirsutum and C and G-genome species, although crosses with K-genome species G. nobile and G. populifolium resulted in viable hybrids with "limited fertility"
  6. Coppens d'Eeckenbrugge, G. & J.-M. Lacape. 2014. Distribution and differentiation of wild, feral, and cultivated populations of perennial upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in Mesoamerica and the Caribbean. PLoS One 9(9):e107458. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0107458
  7. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  10. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Gossypium+hirsutum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Fryxell, P. A. 1976. A nomenclator of Gossypium. The botanical names of cotton. Techn. Bull. U.S.D.A. 1491:39.
  13. Fryxell, P. A. 1979. The natural history of the cotton tribe 68-70.
  14. Fryxell, P. A. 1992. A revised taxonomic interpretation of Gossypium L. (Malvaceae). Rheedea 2:161.
  15. Fryxell, P. A. 1996. pers. comm. Note: re. uses
  16. Jardín Botánico Nacional. 1998-. Flora de la República de Cuba
  17. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  18. Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa Note: poisonous
  19. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  20. León, B. 1994. pers. comm. Note: re. Spanish common names
  21. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  22. Lubbers, E. L. & P. W. Chee. 2009. The worldwide gene pool of G. hirsutum and its improvement. Genetics and genomics of cotton 23-52.
  23. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  24. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  25. McVaugh, R. 1983-. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  26. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  27. Paul, T. K. & M. P. Nayar. 1988. Malvaceae. Fascicles of flora of India. 19:115.
  28. Pereira, G. S. et al. 2012. Selective fertilization in interspecific crosses of allotetraploid species of Gossypium. Botany 90:159-166.
  29. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  30. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  31. Rapp, R. A. et al. 2010. Gene expression in developing fibres of Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) was massively. B. M. C. Biol. 8:139. Note: this study provided evidence of changes in the seed fiber microstructure between wild populations (as Gossypium hirsutum "var. yucatanense") and domesticated ones
  32. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  33. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  34. Wendel, J. F. et al. 1992. Genetic diversity in Gossypium hirsutum and the origin of upland cotton. Amer. J. Bot. 79:1291-1310.
  35. Wendel, J. F. et al. 2009. Evolution and natural history of the cotton genus. Genetics and genomics of cotton 3-22.
  36. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  37. Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen. Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource). Note: treats Florida populations as native

Check other web resources for Gossypium hirsutum L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=17917. Accessed 20 July 2019.