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Taxon: Heliotropium europaeum L.

 
Genus: Heliotropium
Family: Heliotropiaceae
Nomen number: 18823
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:130. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals; mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canarias]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Egypt (n.), Libya (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Israel, Jordan, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia]

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (s.)] Ukraine [Krym]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Gansu Sheng (w.), Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu]

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Indiana, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]


    Other (native status in Australia uncertain)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  3. Bennett, M. 2003. Pulmonarias and the Borage family 117.
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  5. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  6. Craven, L. A. 1996. A taxonomic revision of Heliotropium (Boraginaceae) in Australia. Austral. Syst. Bot. 9:550-552.
  7. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  9. Der Marderosian, A. & L. Liberti. 1988. Natural product medicine: a scientific guide to foods, drugs, cosmetics Note: poisonous
  10. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  11. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  12. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  13. Everest, S. L. 1981. Poisonous plants of Australia. Note: poisonous
  14. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  15. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  16. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  17. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  18. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  19. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  20. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  21. Kartesz, J. T. 2011. North American plant atlas. The Biota of North America Program (BONAP)
  22. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  23. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  24. Lems, K. 1960. Floristic botany of the Canary islands.
  25. Pammel, L. H. 1911. Manual of poisonous plants. Note: poisonous
  26. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  27. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  28. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  29. Willis, J. H. 1970-1972. A handbook to plants in Victoria.
  30. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  31. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.

Check other web resources for Heliotropium europaeum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=18823. Accessed 4 April 2020.