Taxon: Heliotropium europaeum L.

 
Genus: Heliotropium
Family: Heliotropiaceae
Nomen number: 18823
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:130. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2; Pammel; Everist; Der Marderosian)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Egypt (n.), Libya (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Israel, Jordan, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia]

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (s.)] Ukraine [Krym]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Gansu (w.), Xinjiang]

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Indiana, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]


    Other (native status in Australia uncertain)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  3. Bennett, M. Pulmonarias and the Borage family. 2003 (Pulmonaria) 117.
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  5. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  6. Craven, L. A. 1996. A taxonomic revision of Heliotropium (Boraginaceae) in Australia Austral. Syst. Bot. 9:550-552.
  7. Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  9. Der Marderosian, A. & L. Liberti Natural product medicine: a scientific guide to foods, drugs, cosmetics. 1988 (Der Marderosian)
  10. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  11. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  12. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  13. Everest, S. L. Poisonous plants of Australia. (Everist)
  14. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  15. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  16. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  17. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  18. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  19. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  20. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  21. Kartesz, J. T. North American plant atlas. The Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2011 (NAmer Pl Atlas)
  22. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  23. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  24. Lems, K. Floristic botany of the Canary islands. (L Canary)
  25. Pammel, L. H. Manual of poisonous plants. (Pammel)
  26. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  27. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  28. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  29. Willis, J. H. A handbook to plants in Victoria. (F VictWillis)
  30. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  31. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Heliotropium europaeum L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=18823. Accessed 25 May 2018.