Taxon: Heliotropium indicum L.

 
Genus: Heliotropium
Family: Boraginaceae
  Subfamily: Heliotropioideae
Nomen number: 18825
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:130. 1753
Name Verified on: 02-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-May-1995
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Indian heliotrope  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • turnsole  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • herbe à verrues  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • herbe papillon  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • monte au ciel  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • fedegoso  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • aguará  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • borragem-brava  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • erva-de-São-Fiacre  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • alacrancillo  (Source: pers. comm.) - Spanish
  • indisk heliotrop  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • da wei yao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):294. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; F ChinaEng)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Lampe & McCann)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Atlas WWeed)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Paraguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Peru

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Tanzania
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Ethiopia
    • South Tropical Africa: Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Gabon; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: British Indian Ocean Terr - Diego Garcia; Madagascar; Mauritius; Seychelles
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Ryukyu Islands; Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India; Nepal
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Brunei; Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines; Singapore
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Northern America

    • : Mexico
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Missouri, - Oklahoma
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Indiana, - Massachusetts, - New York, - Ohio
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
  • Pacific

    • Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    • Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominica; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Trinidad and Tobago; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Central America: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador, - Galapagos Islands

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Berhaut, J. Flore illustrée du Senegal. 1971- (F Senegal)
  • Boggan, J. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas, ed. 2. 1997 (L Guianas ed2)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Burkart, A. E., ed. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios. 1969- (F EntreR)
  • Cabrera, A. L., dir. Flora de la provincia de Jujuy, República Argentina. 1977- (F Jujuy)
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. 1982 (F Bahamas)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Forero, E. & A. H. Gentry Lista anotada de las plantas del Departamento del Choco, Colombia. Biblioteca Jose Jeronimo Triana no. 10, Bogota. 1989 (L Choco)
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  • Funk, V. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. 2007 (L Guiana Shield)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Hokche, O. et al. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola. 2008 (L Venez ed2)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • International Development Consortium Invasive species compendium (on-line resource). (Invasive Spec Comp)
  • Janick, J. & J. Simon, eds. Advances in new crops. 1990 (Adv New Crops)
  • Japanese Society for Plant Systematics Flora of Japan database project (on-line resource). (F Japan Online)
  • Jardin botanique national de Belgique Flore du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi (Flore d'Afrique centrale). 1967- (F Afr Centr)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Kartesz, J. T. North American plant atlas. The Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2011 (NAmer Pl Atlas)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • León, B. 1994. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. 1975-1979 (F Taiwan)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. 1982 (F PR)
  • Liu, H. Y. 1998. An enumeration of Taiwan Boraginaceae (Taiwania) 43:127.
  • Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru. 1936-1971; new ser. 1980- (F Peru)
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. 1999 (F NE US)
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):294.
  • Press, J. R. et al. Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal (on-line resource). 2000- (L Nepal Online)
  • Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. 1965- (F SCatarin)
  • Spellman, D. L. et al. A list of the monocotyledoneae/dicotyledonae of Belize. Rhodora v. 77 & 83, 1975 & 1981 (L Belize)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. 1977 (F Missouri)
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • The University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Barbados Plants of the East Caribbean online database (on-line resource). (Pl E Caribbean)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Heliotropium indicum L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image