Taxon: Heliotropium indicum L.

 
Genus: Heliotropium
Family: Heliotropiaceae
Nomen number: 18825
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:130. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 02-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-May-1995
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Indian heliotrope  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • turnsole  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • herbe à verrues  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • herbe papillon  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • monte au ciel  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • fedegoso  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • aguará  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • borragem-brava  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • erva-de-São-Fiacre  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • alacrancillo  (Source: pers. comm.) - Spanish
  • indisk heliotrop  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • da wei yao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):294. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; F ChinaEng)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Southern America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Paraguay


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Tanzania
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: British Indian Ocean Terr, [Diego Garcia] Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Ryukyu Islands] Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, India, Nepal
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Indiana, Massachusetts, New York, Ohio]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Missouri, Oklahoma]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Florida (w.), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • Mexico

    Pacific
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Guam, Micronesia, Northern Mariana Islands
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: New Caledonia

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Puerto Rico, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Virgin Islands (British), Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Ecuador, [Galapagos Islands] Ecuador [Galapagos Islands]


References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  3. Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  4. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  5. Berhaut, J. Flore illustrée du Senegal. (F Senegal)
  6. Boggan, J. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas, ed. 2. 1997 (L Guianas ed2)
  7. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  8. Burkart, A. E., ed. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios. (F EntreR)
  9. Cabrera, A. L., dir. Flora de la provincia de Jujuy, República Argentina. (F Jujuy)
  10. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  11. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  12. Forero, E. & A. H. Gentry Lista anotada de las plantas del Departamento del Choco, Colombia. Biblioteca Jose Jeronimo Triana no. 10, Bogota. 1989 (L Choco)
  13. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  14. Funk, V. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. 2007 (L Guiana Shield)
  15. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  16. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  17. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  18. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  19. Hokche, O. et al. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola. (L Venez ed2)
  20. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  21. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  22. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  23. International Development Consortium Invasive species compendium (on-line resource). (Invasive Spec Comp)
  24. Japanese Society for Plant Systematics Flora of Japan database project (on-line resource). (F Japan Online)
  25. Jardin botanique national de Belgique Flore du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi (Flore d'Afrique centrale). (F Afr Centr)
  26. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  27. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  28. Kartesz, J. T. North American plant atlas. The Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2011 (NAmer Pl Atlas)
  29. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  30. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  31. León, B. 1994. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  32. Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. (F Taiwan)
  33. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  34. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. (F PR)
  35. Liu, H. Y. 1998. An enumeration of Taiwan Boraginaceae (Taiwania) 43:127.
  36. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru. 1936-1971; new ser. 1980- (F Peru)
  37. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. (F NE US)
  38. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):294.
  39. Press, J. R. et al. Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal (on-line resource). 2000- (L Nepal Online)
  40. Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. (F SCatarin)
  41. Spellman, D. L. et al. A list of the monocotyledoneae/dicotyledonae of Belize. Rhodora v. 77 & 83. (L Belize)
  42. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  43. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  44. Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  45. The University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Barbados Plants of the East Caribbean online database (on-line resource). (Pl E Caribbean)
  46. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Heliotropium indicum L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=18825. Accessed 24 May 2018.