Taxon: Heliotropium indicum L.

Genus: Heliotropium
Family: Heliotropiaceae
Nomen number: 18825
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:130. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 02-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-May-1995
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Indian heliotrope  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • turnsole  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • herbe à verrues  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • herbe papillon  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • monte au ciel  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • fedegoso  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • aguará  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • borragem-brava  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • erva-de-São-Fiacre  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • alacrancillo  (Source: pers. comm.) - Spanish
  • indisk heliotrop  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • da wei yao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):294. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; F ChinaEng)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Lampe & McCann)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Atlas WWeed)

Distributional Range:


  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Southern South America: Argentina ; Paraguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia ; Peru

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Tanzania
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad ; Ethiopia
    • South Tropical Africa: Mozambique ; Zambia ; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana ; Namibia
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin ; Ghana ; Guinea ; Guinea-Bissau ; Liberia ; Mali ; Nigeria ; Senegal ; Sierra Leone ; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi ; Cameroon ; Central African Republic ; Gabon ; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: British Indian Ocean Terr Diego Garcia; Madagascar ; Mauritius ; Seychelles
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan Ryukyu Islands; Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh ; India ; Nepal
    • Indo-China: Cambodia ; Laos ; Myanmar ; Thailand ; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Brunei ; Indonesia ; Malaysia ; Philippines ; Singapore
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Northern America

    • Mexico
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Missouri, Oklahoma
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Indiana, Massachusetts, New York, Ohio
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
  • Pacific

    • Northwestern Pacific: Guam ; Micronesia ; Northern Mariana Islands
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    • Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda ; Bahamas ; Barbados ; Cayman Islands ; Cuba ; Dominica ; Grenada ; Guadeloupe ; Hispaniola ; Jamaica ; Martinique ; Montserrat ; Puerto Rico ; St. Kitts and Nevis ; St. Lucia ; St. Vincent and Grenadines ; Trinidad and Tobago ; Virgin Islands (British) ; Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Central America: Belize ; Costa Rica ; El Salvador ; Guatemala ; Honduras ; Nicaragua ; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana ; Guyana ; Suriname ; Venezuela
    • Western South America: Colombia ; Ecuador , Galapagos Islands


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Berhaut, J. Flore illustrée du Senegal. (F Senegal)
  • Boggan, J. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas, ed. 2. 1997 (L Guianas ed2)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Burkart, A. E., ed. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios. (F EntreR)
  • Cabrera, A. L., dir. Flora de la provincia de Jujuy, República Argentina. (F Jujuy)
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Forero, E. & A. H. Gentry Lista anotada de las plantas del Departamento del Choco, Colombia. Biblioteca Jose Jeronimo Triana no. 10, Bogota. 1989 (L Choco)
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  • Funk, V. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. 2007 (L Guiana Shield)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  • Hokche, O. et al. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola. (L Venez ed2)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  • International Development Consortium Invasive species compendium (on-line resource). (Invasive Spec Comp)
  • Japanese Society for Plant Systematics Flora of Japan database project (on-line resource). (F Japan Online)
  • Jardin botanique national de Belgique Flore du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi (Flore d'Afrique centrale). (F Afr Centr)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • Kartesz, J. T. North American plant atlas. The Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2011 (NAmer Pl Atlas)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • León, B. 1994. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. (F Taiwan)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. (F PR)
  • Liu, H. Y. 1998. An enumeration of Taiwan Boraginaceae (Taiwania) 43:127.
  • Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru. 1936-1971; new ser. 1980- (F Peru)
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. (F NE US)
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):294.
  • Press, J. R. et al. Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal (on-line resource). 2000- (L Nepal Online)
  • Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. (F SCatarin)
  • Spellman, D. L. et al. A list of the monocotyledoneae/dicotyledonae of Belize. Rhodora v. 77 & 83. (L Belize)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  • Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • The University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Barbados Plants of the East Caribbean online database (on-line resource). (Pl E Caribbean)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Heliotropium indicum L. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image