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Taxon: Hordeum jubatum L.

 
Genus: Hordeum
Subgenus: Hordeastrum
Section: Stenostachys
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Triticeae
Subtribe: Hordeinae
Nomen number: 19308
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:85. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 05-Nov-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 51 (24 active, 16 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • foxtail barley  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • foxtail barley  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • orge à crinière  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • orge queue-d’écureuil  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • Mähnengerste  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • cevada-de-jardim  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cevada-rabo-de-raposa  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • ekorrkorn  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Buryatia, Yakutia-Sakha, Krasnoyarsk (s.), Irkutsk (s.), Kemerovo, Kurgan, Omsk]
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Khabarovsk, Primorye, Kamchatka, Magadan]
    • CHINA: China [Heilongjiang Sheng, Liaoning Sheng]

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation [Astrakhan, Saratov]

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territories, Yukon] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Maryland]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja California (Norte)]


    Adventive

    Asia-Temperate
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Kurile Islands, Sakhalin]

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arkansas, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia (w. & e.)]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [San Luis Potosí]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Jalisco, Ciudad de México]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho

    Asia-Temperate
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Novosibirsk]

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand [South Island]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Romania

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Hordeum_jubatum/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Baum, B. R. & L. G. Bailey. 1994. Taxonomy of Hordeum caespitosum, H. jubatum, and H. lechleri (Poaceae: Triticeae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 190:97-111.
  4. Blattner, F. R. 2004. Phylogenetic analysis of Hordeum (Poaceae) as inferred by nuclear rDNA ITS sequences. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 33:289-299.
  5. Bothmer, R. von & N. Jacobsen. 1985. Origin, taxonomy, and related species. In D. C. Rasmusson, ed., Barley. Agronomy 26:42.
  6. Bothmer, R. von & N. Jacobsen. 1986. Interspecific crosses in Hordeum (Poaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 153:49-64.
  7. Bothmer, R. von et al. 1983. Interspecific hybridization with cultivated barley (Hordeum vulgare). Hereditas (Beijing) 99:219-244.
  8. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  9. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora.
  10. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 31-32.
  11. Doebley, J. et al. 1992. Chloroplast DNA variation and the phylogeny of Hordeum (Poaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 79:576-584. Note: finds that this taxon clusters among American species & close to other polyploids (Hordeum brachyantherum 4x, H. guatemalense & H. lechleri) & 2x H. brachyantherum suggesting for the latter a role in its evolution
  12. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  13. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  14. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  15. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  16. Gould, F. W. & R. Moran. 1981. The grasses of Baja California, Mexico.
  17. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  18. Jakob, S. S. & F. R. Blattner. 2006. A chloroplast genealogy of Hordeum (Poaceae): long-term persisting haplotypes, incomplete lineage sorting, regional extinction, and the consequences for phylogenetic inference. Molec. Biol. Evol. 23:1602-1612. Note: found a monophyletic genus with four groups; for this taxon 17 individuals of 14 populations there were 3 haplotypes, one Asian, one N American & one shared with two S. American taxa, the Asian one might represent dispersal from N America
  19. Kharkevich, S. S., ed. 1985. Vascular plants of the Russian Far East. Note: also cited as "Vascular plants of the Soviet Far East", and "Sosud. Rast. Sovet. Dal'nego Vostoka"
  20. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  21. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation)
  22. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  23. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  24. McVaugh, R. 1983-. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  25. Nishikawa, T. et al. 2002. Molecular phylogeny of the genus Hordeum using three chloroplast DNA sequences. Genome 45:1157-1166. Note: finds evidence for recognizing this taxon in one of the 8 supported subclades, sister to Hordeum guatemalense & clustered with H. depressum, and 2x-4x H. brachyantherum suggesting a maternal ancestry role for the latter diploid taxon
  26. Petersen, G. 1991. Intergeneric hybridization between Hordeum and Secale (Poaceae). I. Crosses and development of hybrids. Nordic J. Bot. 11:253-270.
  27. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  28. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  29. Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. 1979-. Flora fanerogámica del Valle de México.
  30. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  31. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:246.
  32. Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:394.
  33. Taketa, S. et al. 2005. Ancestry of American polyploid Hordeum species with the I genome inferred from 5S and 18S-25S rDNA. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 96:23-33.
  34. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR
  35. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/poaceae/hordeum-jubatum/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  36. Welsh, S. L. et al. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Mem. 9.
  37. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  38. Yang, J. L. et al. 1989. The genus Hordeum (Gramineae) in China. Variation and distribution. Willdenowia 16:487.
  39. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 1994. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en la República Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47
  40. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2008. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares del Cono Sur (Argentina, sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay). Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 107:778. Note: introduced
  41. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Hordeum jubatum L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=19308. Accessed 21 September 2019.