Taxon: Iberis amara L.

 
Genus: Iberis
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
      Tribe: Iberideae
Nomen number: 19648
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:649. 1753
Name Verified on: 23-Feb-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Feb-2010
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 10 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • bitter candytuft  (Source: IllF MEur) - English
  • rocket candytuft  (Source: Cornucopia) - English
  • wild candytuft  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • téraspic  (Source: IllF MEur) - French
  • thlaspi blanc  (Source: IllF MEur) - French
  • bittere Schleifenblume  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • bitterer Bauernsenf  (Source: IllF MEur) - German
  • Grützblume  (Source: IllF MEur) - German
  • blomsteriberis  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • seoyangmalnaengi  (Source: F Korea) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Eur Gard F; Zander ed14)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Germany; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom - England
    • Southeastern Europe: Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Australasia

    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Lithuania; Moldova; Ukraine
    • Northern Europe: Sweden
    • Southeastern Europe: Italy; Slovenia
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Nova Scotia, - Ontario
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Michigan
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina - Neuquen, - Rio Negro, - Santa Fe
    • Western South America: Ecuador - Pichincha, - Tungurahua

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Bailey, L. H. Manual of cultivated plants, revised ed. 1949 (Bailey)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares. 1989- (F Iberica)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Hegi, G. et al. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966- (IllF MEur)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. 1997 (F Korea)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rollins, R. C. The Cruciferae of continental North America. 1993 (Cruc NAmer)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. 1993- (F India)
  • Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. 1958 (F LowYangtze)
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, second edition. 1993 (F Eur ed2)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Synonyms:

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