Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web ReferencesImages

Taxon: Ilex aquifolium L.

 
Genus: Ilex
Family: Aquifoliaceae
Nomen number: 19666
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:125. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: the specific epithet is a noun in apposition, derived from a pre-Linnaean generic name, and retains its own gender and termination irrespective of the gender of the generic name (Shenzhen ICN Art. 23.5)
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 06-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 60 (2 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental; ornamental
  • Medicines:
  • Social:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Rep NCEPPC; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • United States (w.)

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  3. Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils (unpublished draft)
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  7. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Ilex+aquifolium&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  11. Galle, F. C. 1997. Hollies. The genus Ilex Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.
  12. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  13. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  14. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  15. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  16. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  17. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  18. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  19. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  20. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  21. Mabberley, D. J. 2008. Mabberley's plant-book: a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses, ed. 3 428. Note: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
  22. Meyer, F. G. et al. 1994. A catalog of cultivated woody plants of the southeastern United States
  23. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  24. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  25. Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  26. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  27. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  28. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Ilex aquifolium L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Ilex aquifolium cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=19666. Accessed 19 September 2019.