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Taxon: Ilex opaca Aiton

 
Genus: Ilex
Family: Aquifoliaceae
Nomen number: 19755
Place of publication: Hort. kew. 1:169. 1789
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/3649927
Name Verified on: 06-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 71 (70 active, 5 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • American holly  (Source: AH 519) - English
  • white holly  (Source: Trees US) - English
  • amerikanische Stechpalme  (Source: Zander Ency) - German

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; shade/shelter
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut (s.), Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York (s.e.), Ohio (s.), Pennsylvania (s.), Rhode Island, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Missouri (s.e.), Oklahoma]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida (http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/main.asp?plantID=3826), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:197.
  2. Clewell, A. F. 1985. Guide to the vascular plants of the Florida panhandle
  3. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  4. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  5. Eisenbeiss, G. K. & T. R. Dudley. 1973. International checklist of cultivated Ilex. Part 1. Ilex opaca. Natl. Arbor. Contr. 3:1-85.
  6. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  8. Galle, F. C. 1997. Hollies. The genus Ilex Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.
  9. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  10. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  11. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Note: with two varieties
  12. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  13. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  14. Little, E. L., Jr. 1978. Important forest trees of the United States
  15. Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541
  16. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  17. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  18. Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  19. Seymour, F. 1969. The flora of New England.
  20. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Aquifoliaceae&GenusID=Ilex&SpeciesID=opaca target='_blank'
  21. 2018. Oklahoma vascular plant database

Check other web resources for Ilex opaca Aiton :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Ilex opaca cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=19755. Accessed 19 July 2019.