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Taxon: Ipomoea aquatica Forssk.

 
Genus: Ipomoea
Subgenus: Eriospermum
Section: Erpipomoea
Family: Convolvulaceae
Tribe: Ipomoeeae
Nomen number: 20138
Place of publication: Fl. aegypt.-arab. 44. 1775
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 02-Sep-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 14 (6 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder; fodder
  • Human food: vegetable
  • Medicines:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania (incl. Pemba, Zanzibar), Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Queensland, Western Australia, Northern Territory]


    Cultivated (widely cult. in tropics)

    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Micronesia
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Guyana, Suriname
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Peru


References:

  1. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Austin, D. F. & Z. Huáman. 1996. A synopsis of Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in the Americas. Taxon 45:5.
  4. Austin, D. F. 2007. Water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica, Convolvulaceae): a food gone wild. Ethnobot. Res. Applic. 5:123-146.
  5. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963-1968. Flora of Java.
  6. Beetle, A. A. 1970. Recommended plant names. Univ. Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. J. 31
  7. Berhaut, J. 1971-. Flore illustrée du Senegal.
  8. Bhandari, M. M. 1978. Flora of the Indian desert.
  9. Burkill, H. M. 1985-2004. The useful plants of west tropical Africa.
  10. Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils (unpublished draft)
  11. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. Florida state list aquatic & wetland noxious weeds - from Department of Environmental Protection (on-line resource).
  12. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  13. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  14. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  15. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Ipomoea+aquatica&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  16. Fosberg, F. R. et al. 1979-1982. Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae/ Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae.
  17. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 4:1860.
  18. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  19. Hara, H. 1966-1975. Flora of eastern Himalaya Note: v. 1:1966, v. 2:1971, v. 3:1975
  20. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  21. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  22. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  23. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  24. Lejoly, J. & S. Lisowski. 1992. Les genres Merremia et Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) dans la flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire, Rwanda, Burundi). Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 37:110.
  25. Li, H. L. et al., eds. 1975-1979. Flora of Taiwan.
  26. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  27. Matthew, K. M. 1983. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic.
  28. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  29. Merxmüller, H., ed. 1966-1972. Prodromus einer flora von Sudwestafrika.
  30. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  31. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  32. Plant Protection and Quarantine Office. United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Federal noxious weed list (on-line resource).
  33. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  34. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  35. Ross, J. 1972. The flora of Natal.
  36. Saldanha, C. J. & D. H. Nicolson. 1976. Flora of Hassan district.
  37. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 8:181-184.
  38. Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1970-. Flora of Thailand.
  39. Staples, G. W. 1996. pers. comm. Note: re. English common names
  40. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana.
  41. Steward, A. N. 1958. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley.
  42. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  43. USDA National Agricultural Library. National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). URL: http://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/aquatics/waterspinach.shtml target='_blank'
  44. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  45. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  46. Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) A:164.
  47. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  48. Yunnan Inst. Bot. & Kunming Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci., eds. 1977-. Flora yunnanica.
  49. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)
  50. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=20138. Accessed 24 October 2019.