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Taxon: Juglans cinerea L.

 
Genus: Juglans
Section: Trachycaryon
Family: Juglandaceae
Nomen number: 20732
Place of publication: Syst. nat. ed. 10, 2:1273. 1759
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 15-Jul-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 94 (32 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: shade/shelter
  • Human food:
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec (s.), Ontario (s.), New Brunswick (s.w.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine (s.w.), Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota (e.), Missouri, Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama (n.), Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia (n.), Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi (n.), North Carolina (w.), South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Browne, E. T. & R. Athey. 1992. Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist
  3. Deam, C. C. 1940. Flora of Indiana.
  4. Dong, W. et al. 2017. Phylogenetic resolution in Juglans based on complete chloroplast genomes and nuclear DNA sequences. Front. Plant Sci. 8:1148. DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2017.01148
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  6. Duncan, W. H. & J. T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia: an annotated checklist.
  7. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  9. Fernald, M. L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany, ed. 8.
  10. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  11. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  12. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  13. Hoban, S. M. et al. 2009. Geographically extensive hybridization between the forets trees American butternut and Japanese walnut. Biol. Lett. 5:324-327.
  14. Hoban, S. M. et al. 2010. Range-wide distribution of genetic diversity in the North American tree Juglans cinerea: a product of range shifts, not ecological marginality or recent population decline. Molec. Ecol. 19:4876-4891.
  15. IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  16. Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller. 1955. Vascular plants of Illinois.
  17. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  19. Little, E. L., Jr. 1978. Important forest trees of the United States
  20. Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541
  21. Magness, J. R. et al. 1971. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1
  22. Manning, W. E. 1957. The genus Juglans in Mexico and Central America. J. Arnold Arbor. 38:121-150.
  23. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  24. McCleary, T. S. et al. 2009. Four cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence (CAPS) markers for the detection of the Juglans ailantifolia chloroplast in putatively native J. cinerea populations. Molec. Ecol. Resources 9:525-527. Note: Formerly Molecular Ecology Notes
  25. McGranahan, G. & C. Leslie. 2009. Breeding walnuts (Juglans regia). Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species 249-273.
  26. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  27. Michler, C. H. et al. 2005. Improving disease resistance of butternut (Juglans cinerea), a threatened fine hardwood: a case for a single-tree selection through genetic improvement and deployment. Tree Physiol. 26:121-128.
  28. Mitchell, R. S., ed. 1986. A checklist of New York state plants. New York State Mus. Bull. 458
  29. Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas
  30. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  31. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  32. Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  33. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  34. Rosengarten, F. 1984. The book of edible nuts
  35. Ross-Davis, A. et al. 2008. Morphological and molecular methods to identify butternut (Juglans cinerea) and butternut hybrids: relevance to butternut conservation. Tree Physiol. 28:1127-1133.
  36. Smith, E. B. 1978. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas
  37. Stanford, A. M. et al. 2000. Phylogeny and biogeography of Juglans (Juglandaceae) based on matK and ITS sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 87:872-882.
  38. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  39. Voss, E. 1972-. Michigan flora.
  40. Wherry, E. T. et al. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania.
  41. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Juglandaceae&GenusID=Juglans&SpeciesID=cinerea target='_blank'
  42. Zhao, P. & K. E. Woeste. 2011. DNA markers identify hybrids between butternut (Juglans cinerea L.) and Japanese walnut (Juglans ailantifolia Carr.). Tree Genet. Genomes 7:511-533.

Check other web resources for Juglans cinerea L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=20732. Accessed 16 July 2019.