Taxon: Juglans nigra L.

 
Genus: Juglans
Section: Rhysocaryon
Family: Juglandaceae
Nomen number: 20762
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:997. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 15-Jul-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 15-Jul-2010
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 27 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Environmental: shade/shelter ()
  • Human food: nut (fide T. S. Elias, Trees N. Amer. 269. 1980)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for Japanese walnut (based on crosses with female plants of Juglans ailantifolia producing anthracnose-resistant hybrids fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 2:257. 2009)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for English walnut (for some cultivars fide Dict Gard)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of black walnut (fide Genome Map Mol Breed 7:189-198. 2007)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of English walnut (based on natural hybrids with Juglans regia (male parent) fide Mol Breed 24:322, 333. 2009)
  • Materials: abrasive ()
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_9.html,)
  • Materials: wood ()
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts (w.), Michigan (s.), New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont (w.), West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas (e. & c.), Minnesota (s.), Missouri, Nebraska (e.), Oklahoma (http://www.biosurvey.ou.edu/shrub/juni.htm), South Dakota (e.), Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida (n.w.), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana (n.), Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Juglandaceae&GenusID=Juglans&SpeciesID=nigra), Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Browne, E. T. & R. Athey Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist. 1992 (L Kentucky)
  3. Clewell, A. F. Guide to the vascular plants of the Florida panhandle. 1985 (F FlaPan)
  4. Duke, J. A. Handbook of Nuts. CRC Press. 1989 (Handb Nuts)
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  6. Elias, T.S. The complete trees of North America: a field guide and natural history. (Trees NAmer) 269.
  7. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  9. Fernald, M. L. Gray's manual of botany, ed. 8. (Grays Man)
  10. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Grimshaw, J. M. 2003. Juglans, notes on the temperate species Int. Dendrol. Soc. Year Book 107-130.
  13. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  14. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  15. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  16. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  18. Little, E. L., Jr. Important forest trees of the United States. 1978 (AH 519)
  19. Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  20. Manning, W. E. 1957. The genus Juglans in Mexico and Central America J. Arnold Arbor. 38:121-150.
  21. Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. (Mansfeld)
  22. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  23. McGranahan, G. & C. Leslie 2009. Breeding walnuts (Juglans regia) (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 249-273.
  24. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  25. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  26. Michler, C. H. et al. 2007. Chapter 6. Black Walnut (Genome Map Mol Breed) 7:189-198.
  27. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  28. Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  29. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  30. Pollegioni, P. et al. 2009. Retrospective identification of hybridogenic walnut plants by SSR fingerprinting and parentage anlysis Molec. Breed. 24:321-335.
  31. Pollegioni, P. et al. 2013. Barriers to interspecific hybridization between Juglans nigra L. and J. regia L. species Tree Genet. Genomes 9:291-305.
  32. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  33. Potter, D. et al. 2002. Defining the sources of Paradox: DNA sequence markers for North American walnut (Juglans L.) species and hybrids Sci. Hort. 94:157-170.
  34. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  35. Rehder, A. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. (Rehder)
  36. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  37. Seymour, F. The flora of New England. (F NEng)
  38. Smith, E. B. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas. 1978 (L Arkansas)
  39. Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  40. Stanford, A. M. et al. 2000. Phylogeny and biogeography of Juglans (Juglandaceae) based on matK and ITS sequence data Amer. J. Bot. 87:872-882.
  41. Stone, D. E. et al. 2009. Natural history, distribution, phylogenetic relationships, and conservation of Central American black walnuts (Juglans sect. Rhysocaryon) J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 136:1-25.
  42. Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)
  43. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  44. Wherry, E. T. et al. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. (Atlas Penn)

Check other web resources for Juglans nigra L. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=20762. Accessed 25 April 2018.