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Taxon: Juglans regia L.

 
Genus: Juglans
Section: Juglans
Family: Juglandaceae
Nomen number: 20772
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:997. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 13-Sep-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1067 (531 active, 220 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food: oil/fat
  • Materials: wood
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran (n. & w.), Iraq (n.), Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Tajikistan, Turkmenistan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Czech Republic, Slovakia
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia


    Cultivated



    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Chile


    Naturalized (widely natzd. elsewhere in temperate regions)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Juglans_regia/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  6. Dong, W. et al. 2017. Phylogenetic resolution in Juglans based on complete chloroplast genomes and nuclear DNA sequences. Front. Plant Sci. 8:1148. DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2017.01148
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  8. Duke, J. A. 1989. Handbook of Nuts CRC Press.
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  11. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Juglans+regia&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  13. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  14. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  15. Gunn, B. F. et al. 2010. Genetic variation in walnuts (Juglans regia and J. sigillata; Juglandaceae): Species distinctions, human impacts, and the conservation of agrobiodiversity in Yunnan, China. Amer. J. Bot. 97:660-671.
  16. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  17. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  18. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  19. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  20. Killeen, T. J. et al. 1993. Guia de arboles de Bolivia 363. Note: cultivated
  21. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  22. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  23. Loewe-Muñoz, V. et al. 2019. Pure and mixed plantations of Persian walnut (Juglans regia L.) for high quality timber production in Chile, South America. J. Pl. Ecol. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jpe/rtz042 Note: growth was higher in combined plantations with Elaeagnus angustifolia
  24. Luna, R. K. 1996. Plantation trees. Note: International Book Distributors
  25. Magness, J. R. et al. 1971. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1
  26. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  27. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  28. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  29. Michler, C. H. et al. 2007. Chapter 6. Black Walnut. Genome mapping and molecular breeding in plants (7 vols.) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. 7:189-198.
  30. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  31. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  32. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  33. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  34. Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  35. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  36. Roor, W. et al. 2017. Population differentiation in common walnut (Juglans regia L.) across major parts of its native range - insights from molecular and morphometric data. J. Heredity 108:391-404.
  37. Rosengarten, F. 1984. The book of edible nuts
  38. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  39. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  40. Wang, H. et al. 2010. Genetic relationship and diversity of eight Juglans species in China estimated through AFLP analysis. Acta Hort. 861:143-150.
  41. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Juglans regia L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=20772. Accessed 5 December 2019.