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Taxon: Lactuca serriola L.

 
Genus: Lactuca
Section: Lactuca
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Cichorioideae
Tribe: Cichorieae
Subtribe: Lactucinae
Nomen number: 21365
Place of publication: Cent. pl. II:29. 1756 (Amoen. acad. 4:328. 1759)
Link to protologue:
Comments:
  • • authorship often attributed to Torner
  • • doubtfully distinct from Lactuca sativa L.
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 02-Oct-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 436 (416 active, 86 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Tuva, Altay, Kemerovo, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tyumen (s.)]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir (n.), Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh] Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Lesotho, South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Poland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Coahuila de Zaragoza, Sonora, Baja California (Norte)]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Guanajuato, México, Michoacán de Ocampo, Querétaro, Ciudad de México]

    Southern America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  3. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. Note: lists as "seriola"
  5. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Diggs, G. M., Jr. et al. 1999. Shinner's and Mahler's illustrated flora of North Central Texas.
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  10. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  11. Feráková, V. 1977. The genus Lactuca in Europe. 64-67.
  12. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  13. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  14. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  15. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  16. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  17. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  18. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  19. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  20. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  21. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  22. Koopman, W. J. M. et al. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships among Lactuca (Asteraceae) species and related genera based on ITS-1 DNA sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 85:1517-1530. Note: should be considered conspecific with Lactuca sativa L.
  23. Koopman, W. J. M. et al. 2001. Species relationships in Lactuca s.l. (Lactuceae, Asteraceae) inferred from AFLP fingerprints. Amer. J. Bot. 88:1881-1887. Note: conspecific with Lactuca sativa L.
  24. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation)
  25. Lebeda, A. et al. 2004. Geographical distribution of wild Lactuca species (Asteraceae, Lactuceae). Bot. Rev. (Lancaster) 70:328-356
  26. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  27. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  28. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  29. Migahid, A. M. 1988-1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  30. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  31. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980-. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  32. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  33. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  34. Ryder, E. J. 1999. Lettuce, endive and chicory. Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 9:134. Note: considers it as "oil seed" Lactuca sativa cultivar group
  35. Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. 1991-. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes.
  36. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India.
  37. Shreve, F. & I. L. Wiggins. 1964. Vegetation and flora of the Sonoran desert.
  38. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  39. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  40. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/asteraceae/lactuca-serriola/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  41. Weaver, S. E. & M. P. Downs. 2003. The biology of Canadian weeds. 122. Lactuca serriola L.. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 83:619-628.
  42. Wiggins, I. L. 1980. Flora of Baja California.
  43. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  44. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996, 1999. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74.
  45. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Lactuca serriola L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=21365. Accessed 21 July 2019.