Taxon: Lactuca serriola L.

 
Genus: Lactuca
Section: Lactuca
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Cichorioideae
Tribe: Cichorieae
Subtribe: Lactucinae
Nomen number: 21365
Place of publication: Cent. pl. II:29. 1756 (Amoen. acad. 4:328. 1759)
Link to protologue:
Comments:
  • • authorship often attributed to Torner
  • • doubtfully distinct from L. sativa L.
Typification:
Name Verified on: 02-Oct-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 30-Oct-2007
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 417 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Pl Book)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for lettuce (against downy-mildew (PI 10458) and lettuce mosaic virus (PI 251245) fide HortScience 42:491. 2007)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of lettuce (fide Amer J Bot 85:1528. 1998; 88:1881. 2001)
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (as Lactuca scariola)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Tuva, Altay, Kemerovo, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tyumen (s.)]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir (n.), Uttar Pradesh] Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Lesotho, South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Poland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja Norte, Coahuila, Sonora]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Federal District, Guanajuato, Mexico, Michoacan, Queretaro]

    Southern America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  3. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  5. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  7. Diggs, G. M., Jr. et al. Shinner's and Mahler's illustrated flora of North Central Texas. (F NC Tex)
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  10. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  11. Feráková, V. 1977. The genus Lactuca in Europe 64-67.
  12. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  13. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  14. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  15. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  16. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
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  18. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
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  20. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  21. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  22. Koopman, W. J. M. et al. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships among Lactuca (Asteraceae) species and related genera based on ITS-1 DNA sequences Amer. J. Bot. 85:1517-1530.
  23. Koopman, W. J. M. et al. 2001. Species relationships in Lactuca s.l. (Lactuceae, Asteraceae) inferred from AFLP fingerprints Amer. J. Bot. 88:1881-1887.
  24. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  25. Lebeda, A. et al. 2004. Geographical distribution of wild Lactuca species (Asteraceae, Lactuceae) Bot. Rev. (Lancaster) 70:328-356
  26. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  27. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  28. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
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  40. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  41. Weaver, S. E. & M. P. Downs 2003. The biology of Canadian weeds. 122. Lactuca serriola L. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 83:619-628.
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Check other web resources for Lactuca serriola L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=21365. Accessed 21 June 2018.