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Taxon: Lactuca virosa L.

 
Genus: Lactuca
Section: Lactuca
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Cichorioideae
Tribe: Cichorieae
Subtribe: Lactucinae
Nomen number: 21375
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:795. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 23-Feb-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 112 (93 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Book; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Madeira Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Germany, Switzerland
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Romania, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Adventive

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Croatia


    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Netherlands

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, District of Columbia]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  4. Clapham, A. R. et al. 1962. Flora of the British Isles, ed. 2.
  5. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  8. Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  10. Feráková, V. 1977. The genus Lactuca in Europe. 72-75.
  11. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Lactuca+virosa&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  13. Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California
  14. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  15. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  16. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  17. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  18. Koopman, W. J. M. et al. 2001. Species relationships in Lactuca s.l. (Lactuceae, Asteraceae) inferred from AFLP fingerprints. Amer. J. Bot. 88:1881.
  19. Lebeda, A. et al. 2004. Geographical distribution of wild Lactuca species (Asteraceae, Lactuceae). Bot. Rev. (Lancaster) 70:328-356
  20. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  21. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  22. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  23. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  24. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.

Check other web resources for Lactuca virosa L. :

  • Euro+Med Plantbase: Information Resource for Euro-Mediterranean Plant Diversity
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=21375. Accessed 16 July 2019.