Taxon: Alisma plantago-aquatica L.

Genus: Alisma
Family: Alismataceae
Nomen number: 2204
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:342. 1753 "plantago Δ"
Link to protologue:
  • • specific epithet treated as a substantive
  • • see Melbourne ICN Art. 23.3, Ex. 2 regarding transcription of original spelling (i.e. the triangle symbol "Δ" following "plantago" is to be transcribed as "aquatica")
Name Verified on: 06-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Mar-2017
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Atlas WWeed)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya ; Tanzania ; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Egypt ; Libya ; Morocco
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan ; Georgia
    • China: China Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Shaanxi, Xinjiang, Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Japan Hokkaido, Honshu; Korea
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan ; Tajikistan ; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation Primorye
    • Siberia: Russian Federation Altay; Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Iran ; Iraq ; Israel ; Lebanon ; Syria ; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Nepal ; Pakistan
    • Indo-China: Myanmar ; Thailand ; Vietnam
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Estonia ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Moldova ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Finland ; Ireland ; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Bulgaria ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Montenegro ; Romania ; Serbia ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia

  • Cultivated

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Korea


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt checklist. (L Egypt)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  • Chowdhery, H. J. & B. M. Wadhwa Flora of Himachal Pradesh. (F Himachal)
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gibbs Russell, G. E. et al. List of species of Southern African plants, ed. 2. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa v. 51. 1985; v. 56. 1987 (L SAfr)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. (L Maroc)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Alisma plantago-aquatica L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image