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Taxon: Lithospermum officinale L.

 
Genus: Lithospermum
Family: Boraginaceae
Subfamily: Boraginoideae
Tribe: Lithospermeae
Nomen number: 22416
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:132. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 02-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • common gromwell  (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2) - English
  • gromwell  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • pearl gromwell  (Source: Pulmonaria) - English
  • pearl gromwell   - English (Canada)
  • grémil officinal  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • millet d'amour  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • perlière  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • grémil officinal   - French (Canada)
  • echter Steinsame  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • erba-perla maggiore  (Source: F Ital) - Italian
  • aljôfar  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • mijo de sol  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • stenfrö  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • xiao hua zi cao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • vorobejnik lekarstvennyj  (Source: Pulmonaria) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore; folklore; folklore
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Lebanon, Syria
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia (w.)] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China [Gansu Sheng, Nei Mongol Zizhiqu, Ningxia Huizi Zizhiqu, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu (n.)]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India (n.), Nepal, Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Norway (s.), Sweden (s.), United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Bennett, M. 2003. Pulmonarias and the Borage family 207.
  3. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1948-1976. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials.
  4. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 203.
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  7. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  9. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  10. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  11. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  12. Johnston, I. M. 1952. Studies in the Boraginaceae, XXIII. A survey of the genus Lithospermum. J. Arnold Arbor. 33:342.
  13. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  14. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  15. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  16. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  17. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  18. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  19. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  20. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  21. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  22. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Lithospermum officinale L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=22416. Accessed 21 September 2019.