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Taxon: Lithospermum officinale L.

 
Genus: Lithospermum
Family: Boraginaceae
Subfamily: Boraginoideae
Tribe: Lithospermeae
Nomen number: 22416
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:132. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 02-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-May-1995
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • common gromwell  (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2) - English
  • gromwell  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • pearl gromwell  (Source: Pulmonaria) - English
  • grémil officinal  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • millet d'amour  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • perlière  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • echter Steinsame  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • erba-perla maggiore  (Source: F Ital) - Italian
  • aljôfar  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • mijo de sol  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • stenfrö  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • xiao hua zi cao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • vorobejnik lekarstvennyj  (Source: Pulmonaria) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Wealth India RM)
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Lebanon, Syria
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia (w.)] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China [Gansu, Nei Monggol, Ningxia, Xinjiang (n.)]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India (n.), Nepal, Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Norway (s.), Sweden (s.), United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Bennett, M. Pulmonarias and the Borage family. 2003 (Pulmonaria) 207.
  3. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. (Wealth India RM)
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  6. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  8. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  9. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  10. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  11. Johnston, I. M. 1952. Studies in the Boraginaceae, XXIII. A survey of the genus Lithospermum J. Arnold Arbor. 33:342.
  12. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  13. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  14. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  15. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  16. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  17. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  18. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  19. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  20. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  21. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Lithospermum officinale L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=22416. Accessed 21 October 2018.