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Taxon: Allium cepa L.

 
Genus: Allium
Subgenus: Cepa
Section: Cepa
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Tribe: Allieae
Nomen number: 2244
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:300. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358319
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 09-Jul-1997 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1741 (997 active, 625 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; Pl Res SEAs 12(1):98. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Biodiv Conserv 13:459. 2004)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (to livestock fide Kellerman et al.; Kingsbury; Lampe & McCann; Everist; Cooper & Johnson ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated

    Africa
    • Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Indochina
    • MALESIA: Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource).
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Balick, M. J. et al. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85
  4. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  5. Brewster, J. L. 1994. Onions and other vegetable alliums. Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 3:5.
  6. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  10. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  11. Everest, S. L. 1981. Poisonous plants of Australia. Note: poisonous
  12. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Allium+cepa&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  14. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  15. Hoang, H.-D. et al. 1997. Additional notes to the checklist of Korean cultivated plants (5). Consolidated summary and indexes. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 44:353.
  16. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  17. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  18. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  19. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
  20. Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India. Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  21. Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa Note: poisonous
  22. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  23. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  24. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  25. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  26. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  27. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  28. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  29. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  30. Messiaen, C.-M. et al. 1993. Les Allium alimentaires reproduits par voie végétative. 1-230.
  31. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:75
  32. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  33. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  34. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  35. Peterka, H. et al. 1997. Interspecific hybrids between onion (Allium cepa L.) with S-cytoplasm and leek (Allium ampeloprasum L.). Theor. Appl. Genet. 94:383-389. Note: triploid hybrids from Allium cepa and A. ampeloprasum carried S-cytoplasm of onion conferring CMS
  36. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  37. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 8:64-71.
  38. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  39. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  40. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  41. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  42. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Allium cepa L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=2244. Accessed 20 October 2019.