Taxon: Allium cepa L.

 
Genus: Allium
Subgenus: Cepa
Section: Cepa
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Tribe: Allieae
Nomen number: 2244
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:300. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 09-Jul-1997 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Jan-2007
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 990 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; Pl Res SEAs 12(1):98. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Biodiv Conserv 13:459. 2004)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (to livestock fide Kellerman et al.; Kingsbury; Lampe & McCann; Everist; Cooper & Johnson ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated

    Africa
    • Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Indochina
    • MALESIA: Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil


References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Balick, M. J. et al. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85. 2000 (L Belize NY)
  5. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  6. Brewster, J. L. 1994. Onions and other vegetable alliums Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 3:5.
  7. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  10. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  11. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  12. Everest, S. L. Poisonous plants of Australia. (Everist)
  13. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  15. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  16. Hoang, H.-D. et al. 1997. Additional notes to the checklist of Korean cultivated plants (5). Consolidated summary and indexes Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 44:353.
  17. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  18. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  19. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  20. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  21. Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  22. Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  23. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  24. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  25. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  26. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  27. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  28. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  29. Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. (Mansfeld)
  30. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  31. Messiaen, C.-M. et al. 1993. Les Allium alimentaires reproduits par voie végétative 1-230.
  32. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:75
  33. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  34. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  35. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  36. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  37. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:64-71.
  38. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  39. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  40. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  41. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Allium cepa L. :

Images:

  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=2244. Accessed 21 June 2018.