Taxon: Lolium multiflorum Lam.

 
Genus: Lolium
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Poeae
Subtribe: Loliinae
Nomen number: 22493
Place of publication: Fl. franç. 3:621. 1779 ("1778")
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 08-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 11-Mar-2017
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 208 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control ()
  • Environmental: lawn/turf ()
  • Environmental: revegetator ()
  • Environmental: soil improver (as cover crop)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide F Turk; F Iraq)
  • Animal food: forage (fide F Turk; F Iraq)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Hungary, Slovakia
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (widely natzd. in temperate regions)

    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  4. Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. (Grass BCIP)
  5. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt checklist. (L Egypt)
  6. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  7. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants in Britain and their effects on animals and man. 1984 (Cooper & Johnson)
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  11. Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  12. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  13. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  14. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  15. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  16. Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  17. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  18. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  19. Oliveira, J. A. et al. 1997. Genetic diversity of westerwold ryegrass landraces collected in northwest Spain Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 44:479-487.
  20. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  21. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  22. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  23. Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  24. Terrell, E. E. 1968. A taxonomic revision of the genus Lolium Techn. Bull. U.S.D.A. 1392:10.
  25. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  26. Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  27. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  28. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  29. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  30. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Lolium multiflorum Lam. :

Images:

  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=22493. Accessed 26 April 2018.