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Taxon: Lolium perenne L.

 
Genus: Lolium
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Poeae
Subtribe: Loliinae
Nomen number: 22494
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:83. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358102
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 08-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 17-Oct-2018
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 1211 (975 active, 673 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder; forage
  • Environmental: lawn/turf (used in mixtures for lawns fide Grass VarUSA); ornamental; soil improver
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.w.), Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Russian Federation, [Astrakhan, Kalmykia, Saratov, Volgograd] Russian Federation-European part, [European part (s.w.)] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: British Indian Ocean Terr, [Diego Garcia] Mauritius, Reunion

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Greenland
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: New Caledonia

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. 1995 (Grass VarUSA)
  4. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  5. Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. (Grass BCIP)
  6. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  7. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt checklist. (L Egypt)
  8. Boulos, L. & M. N. El-Hadidi The weeds of Egypt. (Weeds Egypt)
  9. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  10. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  11. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  12. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  13. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  15. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  16. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  17. Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  18. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  19. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  20. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  21. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  22. Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  23. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  24. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  25. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:106.
  26. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  27. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  28. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  29. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  30. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  31. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  32. Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  33. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region. 2006- (F LowVolga) 1:231.
  34. Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:428.
  35. Terrell, E. E. 1968. A taxonomic revision of the genus Lolium Techn. Bull. U.S.D.A. 1392:7.
  36. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  37. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  38. Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  39. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  40. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  41. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  42. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Lolium perenne L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • CNWG: Catalogue of New World Grasses Searchable Database
  • Grass Manual on the Web: Manual of Grasses for North America North of Mexico
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=22494. Accessed 11 December 2018.