Taxon: Allium fistulosum L.

 
Genus: Allium
Subgenus: Cepa
Section: Cepa
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Tribe: Allieae
Nomen number: 2276
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:301. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 11-Jan-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Jan-2007
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 114 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring ()
  • Human food: vegetable (leaves, pseudostems fide Crop Prod Sci Hort 3:12. 1994)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for onion (fide Acta Physiol Pl 31:224. 2009)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of leek (fide Acta Physiol Pl 31:224. 2009)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of onion (fide Acta Physiol Pl 31:224. 2009)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 8:74. 1993; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Congo, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ghana, Sierra Leone
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Asia-Temperate
    • CAUCASUS: Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Norway
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part [European part]


    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territory] United States [Alaska]


    Other (probable origin e. Asia)

References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Brewster, J. L. 1994. Onions and other vegetable alliums Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 3:12.
  4. Chuda, A. & A. Abrams 2009. Aspects of interspecific hybridization within edible Alliaceae Acta Physiol. Pl. 31:223-227.
  5. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. (HerbSpices)
  6. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  7. Esquivel, M. & K. Hammer 1992. The cultivated species of the genus Allium in Cuba (Allium TaxGR) 43-48.
  8. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  10. Friesen, N. et al. 2006. Phylogeny and new intrageneric classification of Allium (Alliaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal DNA ITS sequences (Aliso) 22:372-395.
  11. Friesen, N. et al. 1999. RAPDs and noncoding chloroplast DNA reveal a single origin of the cultivated Allium fistulosum from A. altaicum (Alliaceae) Amer. J. Bot. 86:554-562.
  12. Fritsch, R. M. & N. Friesen 2002. Chapter 1. Evolution, domestication and taxonomy (Allium Crop Sci) 5-30.
  13. Gurushidze, M. et al. 2007. Phylogenetic relationships of wild and cultivated species of Allium section Cepa inferred by nuclear rDNA ITS sequence analysis Pl. Syst. Evol. 269:259-269.
  14. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency) 4:2259-2260.
  15. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  16. Kik, C. 2002. Chapter 4. Exploitation of wild relatives for the breeding of cultivated Allium species (Allium Crop Sci) 81-100.
  17. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  18. Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  19. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  20. Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. (Mansfeld)
  21. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  22. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  23. Messiaen, C.-M. et al. 1993. Les Allium alimentaires reproduits par voie végétative 1-230.
  24. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:76
  25. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  27. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  28. Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  29. Ricroch, A. et al. 2005. Evolution of genome size across some cultivated Allium species (Genome) 48:511-520.
  30. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:73-77.
  31. Stearn, W. T. 1944. Notes on the genus Allium in the Old World (Herbertia) 11:11-34.
  32. Takhtajan, A. L., ed. Flora Armenii. (F Armenia)
  33. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  34. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  35. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Allium fistulosum L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=2276. Accessed 26 April 2018.