Jump to: Common NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web References

Taxon: Allium fistulosum L.

 
Genus: Allium
Subgenus: Cepa
Section: Cepa
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Tribe: Allieae
Nomen number: 2276
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:301. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358320
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 11-Jan-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 167 (113 active, 93 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring
  • Human food:
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ghana, Sierra Leone
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Asia-Temperate
    • CAUCASUS: Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Norway
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part [European part]


    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territories] United States [Alaska]


    Other (probable origin e. Asia)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Brewster, J. L. 1994. Onions and other vegetable alliums. Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 3:12.
  3. Chuda, A. & A. Abrams. 2009. Aspects of interspecific hybridization within edible Alliaceae. Acta Physiol. Pl. 31:223-227.
  4. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986-1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols.
  5. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  6. Esquivel, M. & K. Hammer. 1992. The cultivated species of the genus Allium in Cuba. The genus Allium - taxonomic problems and genetic resources. Proceedings of an international symposium held at Gatersleben, Germany, June 11-13, 1991 43-48.
  7. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Allium+fistulosum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Friesen, N. et al. 1999. RAPDs and noncoding chloroplast DNA reveal a single origin of the cultivated Allium fistulosum from A. altaicum (Alliaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 86:554-562. Note: this study using choroplast DNA found evidence that this taxon derived from an Allium altaicum progenitor
  10. Friesen, N. et al. 2006. Phylogeny and new intrageneric classification of Allium (Alliaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal DNA ITS sequences. Aliso 22:372-395.
  11. Fritsch, R. M. & N. Friesen. 2002. Chapter 1. Evolution, domestication and taxonomy. Allium crop science: recent advances CABI Publications. 5-30.
  12. Gurushidze, M. et al. 2007. Phylogenetic relationships of wild and cultivated species of Allium section Cepa inferred by nuclear rDNA ITS sequence analysis. Pl. Syst. Evol. 269:259-269.
  13. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 4:2259-2260.
  14. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  15. Khrustaleva, L. I. & C. Kik. 1998. Cytogenetical studies in the bridge cross Allium cepa × (A. fistulosum × A. roylei). Theor. Appl. Genet. 96:8-14.
  16. Kik, C. 2002. Chapter 4. Exploitation of wild relatives for the breeding of cultivated Allium species. Allium crop science: recent advances CABI Publications. 81-100.
  17. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  18. Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption
  19. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  20. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  21. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  22. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  23. Messiaen, C.-M. et al. 1993. Les Allium alimentaires reproduits par voie végétative. 1-230.
  24. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:76
  25. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  27. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  28. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  29. Ricroch, A. et al. 2005. Evolution of genome size across some cultivated Allium species. Genome 48:511-520.
  30. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 8:73-77.
  31. Stearn, W. T. 1944. Notes on the genus Allium in the Old World. Herbertia 11:11-34.
  32. Takhtajan, A. L., ed. 1954-1987. Flora Armenii.
  33. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  34. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  35. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  36. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Allium fistulosum L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=2276. Accessed 17 September 2019.