Taxon: Allium fistulosum L.

 
Genus: Allium
  Subgenus: Cepa
    Section: Cepa
Family: Amaryllidaceae
  Subfamily: Allioideae
      Tribe: Allieae
Nomen number: 2276
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:301. 1753
Name Verified on: 11-Jan-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Jan-2007
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 167 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide HerbSpices)
  • Human food: vegetable (leaves, pseudostems fide Crop Prod Sci Hort 3:12. 1994)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for onion (fide Acta Physiol Pl 31:224. 2009)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of leek (fide Acta Physiol Pl 31:224. 2009)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of onion (fide Acta Physiol Pl 31:224. 2009)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 8:74. 1993; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . probable origin e. Asia

    Naturalized:

  • Northern America

    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory; United States - Alaska

  • Cultivated:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • West Tropical Africa: Ghana; Sierra Leone
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Congo; Zaire
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea; Taiwan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indo-China: Thailand
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Russian Federation-European part - European part
    • Northern Europe: Norway

References:

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  • Bensky, D., A. Gamble, & T. J. Kaptchuk Chinese herbal medicine: Materia medica, rev. ed. 1993 (Chin Herb Med)
  • Brewster, J. L. 1994. Onions and other vegetable alliums Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 3:12.
  • Chuda, A. & A. Abrams 2009. Aspects of interspecific hybridization within edible Alliaceae Acta Physiol. Pl. 31:223-227.
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. 1986-1987 (HerbSpices)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Esquivel, M. & K. Hammer 1992. The cultivated species of the genus Allium in Cuba (Allium TaxGR) 43-48.
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Friesen, N. et al. 2006. Phylogeny and new intrageneric classification of Allium (Alliaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal DNA ITS sequences (Aliso) 22:372-395.
  • Friesen, N. et al. 1999. RAPDs and noncoding chloroplast DNA reveal a single origin of the cultivated Allium fistulosum from A. altaicum (Alliaceae) Amer. J. Bot. 86:554-562.
  • Fritsch, R. M. & N. Friesen 2002. Chapter 1. Evolution, domestication and taxonomy (Allium Crop Sci) 5-30.
  • Fritsch, R. M. & N. Friesen 2002. Chapter 1. Evolution, domestication and taxonomy (Allium Crop Sci) 5-30.
  • Gurushidze, M. et al. 2007. Phylogenetic relationships of wild and cultivated species of Allium section Cepa inferred by nuclear rDNA ITS sequence analysis Pl. Syst. Evol. 269:259-269.
  • Gurushidze, M. et al. 2007. Phylogenetic relationships of wild and cultivated species of Allium section Cepa inferred by nuclear rDNA ITS sequence analysis Pl. Syst. Evol. 269:259-269.
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  • Kik, C. 2002. Chapter 4. Exploitation of wild relatives for the breeding of cultivated Allium species (Allium Crop Sci) 81-100.
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