Taxon: Malva sylvestris L.

Genus: Malva
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Malveae
Nomen number: 23307
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:689. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 12 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • blue mallow  (Source: Zander Ency) - English
  • cheeses  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • common mallow  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • forest mallow  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • high mallow  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • tall mallow  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • mauve des bois  (Source: pers. comm.) - French
  • wilde Malve  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • usubeni-aoi  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • zeni-aoi  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • rödmalva  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • dangaug  (Source: F Korea) - Transcribed Korean
  • mal'va lesnaja  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian
  • prosvirnik lesnoj  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Eur Gard F)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide F USSR; Cornucopia; F NGalicia)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Herbal Drugs; F NGalicia)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Cooper & Johnson ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal Madeira Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Egypt ; Libya ; Morocco ; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan ; Georgia ; Russian Federation Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • Middle Asia: Kyrgyzstan ; Tajikistan ; Turkmenistan ; Uzbekistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Cyprus ; Egypt Sinai; Iran ; Israel ; Jordan ; Lebanon ; Syria ; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan ; India ; Nepal
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Finland ; Ireland ; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Bulgaria ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia ; Montenegro ; Romania ; Serbia ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain

  • Naturalized



  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  • Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Feuillet, C. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  • Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. (F India)
  • Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  • Täckholm, V. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2. (SF Egypt)
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1968. Flora europaea. (F Eur) 2:250.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Malva sylvestris L. :


  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image