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Taxon: Allium porrum L.

 
Genus: Allium
Subgenus: Allium
Section: Allium
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Tribe: Allieae
Nomen number: 2351
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:295. 1753, nom. rej.*
Link to protologue:
Comments:
  • • [or Allium porrum Leek Group]
  • • *a rejected (nom. rej.), heterotypic synonym (Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.4 & App. IV) of A. ampeloprasum L., nom. cons., when the two are considered the same species, but the correct name if A. porrum and A. ampeloprasum are treated as separate species (Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.6)
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 01-Jul-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 79 (2 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring
  • Human food: vegetable

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated



    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • MALESIA: Indonesia

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Western Australia]

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • United States

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


    Other (probable origin e. Mediterranean region)

References:

  1. Bonnet, B. 1976. Le poireau (Allium porrum L.): aspects botaniques et agronomiques. Revue bibliographique. Saussurea 7:121-155.
  2. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  3. Brewster, J. L. 1994. Onions and other vegetable alliums. Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 3:11. Note: = Allium ampeloprasum Porrum Group
  4. Brummitt, R. K. 1999. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 48. Taxon 48:362-363. Note: conservation proposal recommended
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  7. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications. Note: = Allium ampeloprasum Porrum Group
  8. Fritsch, R. M. & N. Friesen. 2002. Chapter 1. Evolution, domestication and taxonomy. Allium crop science: recent advances CABI Publications. 23. Note: as a hexaploid, seed sterile Allium ampeloprasum
  9. Hanelt, P. 1996. (1258) Proposal to conserve the name Allium ampeloprasum against A. porrum (Liliaceae). Taxon 45:691-692.
  10. Hirschegger, P. et al. 2010. Origins of Allium ampeloprasum horticultural groups and a molecular phylogeny of the section Allium (Allium: Alliaceae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 54:488-497.
  11. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  12. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  13. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  14. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. Note: = Allium ampeloprasum Porrum Group
  15. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  16. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  17. Mathew, B. 1996. A review of Allium sect. Allium 70.
  18. Messiaen, C.-M. et al. 1993. Les Allium alimentaires reproduits par voie végétative. 1.230.
  19. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:76
  20. Paunero, E. et al. 2004. Organic production of leek (Allium porrum L.) seeds in the northeast of the Province of Buenos Aires.. Spanish J. Agric. Res. 2:564-569.
  21. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  23. Real Academia Española. Diccionario de la lengua española (on-line resource). Note: re. common names
  24. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  25. Ricroch, A. et al. 2005. Evolution of genome size across some cultivated Allium species. Genome 48:511-520.
  26. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:340-341.
  27. Smith, B. M. & T. C. Crowther. 1995. Inbreeding depression and single cross hybrids in leek (Allium ampeloprasum subsp. porrum). Euphytica 86:87-94. Note: indicates that this tetraploid taxon (4x=32) has an open pollination system with 20% of self pollination
  28. Stearn, W. T. 1944. Notes on the genus Allium in the Old World. Herbertia 11:11-34.
  29. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  30. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  31. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  32. Yanagino, T. et al. 2003. Production and characterization of an interspecific hybrid between leek and garlic. Theor. Appl. Genet. 107:1-5.
  33. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). Note: = Allium ampeloprasum

Check other web resources for Allium porrum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=2351. Accessed 20 August 2019.