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Taxon: Medicago arborea L.

 
Genus: Medicago
Section: Dendrotelis
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 23557
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:778. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 22-May-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-Oct-2017
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 63 (40 active, 10 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • moon trefoil  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • tree medic  (Source: Pl Book) - English
  • tree medick  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • amourette jaune  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • luzerne arborescente  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Baumschneckenklee  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • alfalfa-gigante  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • alfalfa arbórea  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • busklusern  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: potential as forage
  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental; ornamental

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Greece, [Aegean Islands] Greece (incl. Crete), [Aegean Islands] Italy
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands (El Hierro)]
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Italy, [Sicily] Malta
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Chile (c.), Uruguay (s.)


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  3. Bingham, E. et al. 2013. The hybridization barrier between herbaceous Medicago sativa and woody M. arborea is weakened by selection of seeds parents (Plants. OAJ.) 2:343-353.
  4. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  6. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  7. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  8. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  9. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  10. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  11. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  12. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  13. Lesins, K. A. & I. Lesins 1979. Genus Medicago (Leguminosae). A taxogenetic study. 1979 (Gen Medicago) 131.
  14. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  15. Lock, J. M. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. 1989 (Leg Africa)
  16. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  17. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  18. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  19. Quiros, C. F. & G. R. Bauchan 1988. The genus Medicago and the origin of the Medicago sativa complex. In A. A. Hanson et al., eds., Alfalfa and alfalfa improvement Agronomy 29:93-124.
  20. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  21. Sinskaya, E. N., ed. 1950. Perennial leguminous plants. Part I. Medic, sweetclover, fenugreek Kul't. Flora SSSR 13(1):172-173.
  22. Small, E. 1981. A numerical analysis of major groupings in Medicago employing traditionally used characters Canad. J. Bot. 59:1555.
  23. Small, E. 2012. Review of Fabaceae Trifolieae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.)
  24. Small, E. & M. Jomphe 1989. A synopsis of the genus Medicago (Leguminosae) Canad. J. Bot. 67:3267.
  25. Small, E. et al. 1981. The taxonomic value of floral characters in tribe Trigonelleae (Leguminosae), with special reference to Medicago Canad. J. Bot. 59:1580.
  26. Smythies, B. E. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882. (L Spain)
  27. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  28. Vasil'chenko, I. T. 1972. Novyi rod Rhodusia Vass. iz semeistva motyl'kovykh (Papilionaceae) (Genus novum Rhodusia Vass. e familia Papilionacearum) Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9:204.

Check other web resources for Medicago arborea L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=23557. Accessed 22 October 2018.