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Taxon: Medicago lupulina L.

 
Genus: Medicago
Section: Lupularia
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 23613
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:779. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 08-Jun-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-Oct-2017
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 366 (292 active, 322 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage
  • Bee plants:
  • Environmental: revegetator; soil improver
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands (La Palma)]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea, Taiwan (n.)

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Delhi] Nepal, Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Adventive

    Northern America
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States

    Southern America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil (s.)
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource) (Mid Atl Invasive Pl)
  2. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  5. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  6. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  7. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  9. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  10. Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. (L Macar ed2)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  13. Graham, E. H. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412. (Leg ErWild)
  14. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  15. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  16. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  17. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  18. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  19. Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117. 1987 (Leg Taiwan)
  20. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  21. Inst. Bot. V. L. Komarova, Acad. Sci. URSS Plantae asiae centralis. (F CAsia)
  22. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  23. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  24. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  25. Isely, D. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii). 1998 (Leg US)
  26. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  27. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  28. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. (L Maroc)
  29. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  30. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  31. Kitagawa, M. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae. (F Manshur)
  32. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  33. Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. (Leg SAsia)
  34. Lesins, K. A. & I. Lesins 1979. Genus Medicago (Leguminosae). A taxogenetic study. 1979 (Gen Medicago) 67-70.
  35. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  36. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  37. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  38. McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  39. Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  40. Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. (F Saudi ed3)
  41. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  42. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  43. Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. (F Tunis)
  44. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  45. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  46. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  47. Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  48. Small, E. 1981. A numerical analysis of major groupings in Medicago employing traditionally used characters Canad. J. Bot. 59:1555.
  49. Small, E. 2012. Review of Fabaceae Trifolieae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.)
  50. Small, E. & M. Jomphe 1989. A synopsis of the genus Medicago (Leguminosae) Canad. J. Bot. 67:3272.
  51. Small, E. et al. 1981. The taxonomic value of floral characters in tribe Trigonelleae (Leguminosae), with special reference to Medicago Canad. J. Bot. 59:1580.
  52. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  53. Täckholm, V. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2. (SF Egypt)
  54. Thulin, M. Leguminosae of Ethiopia. Opera Bot. 68:1-223. 1983 (Leg Ethiop)
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  57. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
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  59. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  60. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  61. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  62. Yakovlev, G. P. et al. Legumes of Northern Eurasia. 1996 (Leg NEurasia)
  63. Zhu, X. Y. et al. Legumes of China: a checklist. 2007 (Leg China)
  64. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Medicago lupulina L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=23613. Accessed 15 December 2018.