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Taxon: Medicago minima (L.) Bartal.

 
Genus: Medicago
Section: Spirocarpos
Subsection: Leptospireae
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 23621
Place of publication: Cat. delle piante Siena 61. 1776 (Grufb. in L.,Fl. angl. 21. 1754, nom. inval.)
Link to protologue:
Comment: Grufberg probably did not intend to make this combination
Name Verified on: 21-Feb-1989 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 410 (383 active, 358 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt (n.), Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia (n.), Sudan (n.e.), Yemen [Socotra (s.)]

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan (e.), Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab] Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Sweden (s.), United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Kurgan]
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • North America, United States

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (c.), Chile (c.), Uruguay


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Medicago_minima/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  4. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  5. Andrews, F. W. 1950-1956. The flowering plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.
  6. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  8. Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Medicago+minima&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  10. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist. Note: lists as Medicago minima (L.) L.
  11. Heyn, C. C. 1963. The annual species of Medicago. Scripta Hierosolymitana 12:60.
  12. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  13. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  14. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  15. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  16. Isely, D. 1998. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii)
  17. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  18. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. Note: lists as Medicago minima (L.) Grufb.
  19. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  20. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: lists as Medicago minima Grufb.
  21. Kumar, S & P. V. Sane. 2003. Legumes of South Asia: a checklist.
  22. Lesins, K. A. & I. Lesins. 1979. Genus Medicago (Leguminosae). A taxogenetic study 190.
  23. Lock, J. M. 1989. Legumes of Africa: a checklist
  24. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  25. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  26. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan. Note: lists as Medicago minima (L.) Grufb.
  27. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  28. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  29. Pottier-Alapetite, G. 1979-1981. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones.
  30. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. Note: lists as Medicago minima Grufb.
  31. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  32. Shinners, L. H. 1956. Authorship and nomenclature of bur clovers (Medicago) found wild in the United States. Rhodora 58:3. Note: concerning author of Medicago minima
  33. Small, E. & M. Jomphe. 1989. A synopsis of the genus Medicago (Leguminosae). Canad. J. Bot. 67:3272.
  34. Small, E. et al. 1981. The taxonomic value of floral characters in tribe Trigonelleae (Leguminosae), with special reference to Medicago. Canad. J. Bot. 59:1580.
  35. Small, E. 1981. A numerical analysis of major groupings in Medicago employing traditionally used characters. Canad. J. Bot. 59:1555.
  36. Smythies, B. E. 1984-1986. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882.
  37. Täckholm, V. 1974. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2.
  38. Thulin, M., ed. 1993-. Flora of Somalia.
  39. Thulin, M. 1983. Leguminosae of Ethiopia. Opera Bot. 68:1-223.
  40. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  41. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  42. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  43. Yakovlev, G. P. et al. 1996. Legumes of Northern Eurasia
  44. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  45. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996, 1999. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74.

Check other web resources for Medicago minima (L.) Bartal. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=23621. Accessed 16 July 2019.