Taxon: Medicago murex Willd.

Genus: Medicago
Section: Spirocarpos
Subsection: Pachyspireae
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 23626
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 3(2):1410. 1802
Link to protologue:
Comment: may require conservation proposal to preserve usage
Name Verified on: 31-Jan-1997 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-Oct-2017
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 74 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (fide Small, pers. comm.)
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in alfalfa (fide Agron Monog 29:119. 1988)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Libya ; Morocco ; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Israel ; Lebanon ; Syria ; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Greece ; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain


  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  • Gillespie, D. J. & J. A. McComb 1991. Morphology and distribution of species in the Medicago murex complex Canad. J. Bot. 69:2655-2662.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  • Heyn, C. C. 1963. The annual species of Medicago Scripta Hierosolymitana 12:122.
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. (L Maroc)
  • Lesins, K. A. & I. Lesins 1979. Genus Medicago (Leguminosae). A taxogenetic study. 1979 (Gen Medicago) 173.
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  • Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  • Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. (F Tunis)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  • Quiros, C. F. & G. R. Bauchan 1988. The genus Medicago and the origin of the Medicago sativa complex. In A. A. Hanson et al., eds., Alfalfa and alfalfa improvement Agronomy 29:93-124.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  • Small, E. 1981. A numerical analysis of major groupings in Medicago employing traditionally used characters Canad. J. Bot. 59:1555.
  • Small, E. 2012. Review of Fabaceae Trifolieae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.)
  • Small, E. & M. Jomphe 1989. A synopsis of the genus Medicago (Leguminosae) Canad. J. Bot. 67:3271.
  • Small, E. et al. 1981. The taxonomic value of floral characters in tribe Trigonelleae (Leguminosae), with special reference to Medicago Canad. J. Bot. 59:1580.
  • Small, E. et al. 1992. Isozyme variation and alleged progenitor-derivative relationships in the Medicago murex complex (Fabaceae) Pl. Syst. Evol. 181:33-43.
  • Smythies, B. E. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882. (L Spain)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Medicago murex Willd. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.