Taxon: Medicago polymorpha L.

 
Genus: Medicago
Section: Spirocarpos
Subsection: Leptospireae
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 23645
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:779. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: since M. polymorpha L. did not have a holotype or syntypes, all 13 varietal names of Linnaeus are validly published fide Melbourne ICN Art. 26, Ex. 4
Typification:
Name Verified on: 09-Jun-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-Oct-2017
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 567 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: soil improver (green manure fide Crops US)
  • Environmental: soil improver ()
  • Animal food: forage ()
  • Animal food: forage ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury, as Medicago hispida)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Germany
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Adventive

    Northern America
    • Mexico


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Vietnam

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Netherlands, Switzerland

    Northern America
    • United States

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, Guatemala
    • BRAZIL: Brazil (s.)
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (e.-c.), Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  3. Batra, L. R. Names of Japanese plants sorted by their Japanese names in Romanized Katakana and scientific nomenclature. 1995 (Names Batra)
  4. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  5. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  6. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  7. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  9. Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  10. Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. (L Macar ed2)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  13. Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. 1992 (L Oman)
  14. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  15. Greuter, W. et al., eds. International code of botanical nomenclature (Saint Louis Code). 2000 (ICBN St Louis) Art. 26.2, Ex. 4.
  16. Heyn, C. C. 1963. The annual species of Medicago Scripta Hierosolymitana 12:71.
  17. Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  18. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  19. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  20. Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117. 1987 (Leg Taiwan)
  21. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  22. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  23. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  24. Isely, D. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii). 1998 (Leg US)
  25. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  26. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  27. Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  28. Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. 2003 (Leg SAsia)
  29. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  30. Lesins, K. A. & I. Lesins 1979. Genus Medicago (Leguminosae). A taxogenetic study. 1979 (Gen Medicago) 196.
  31. Lock, J. M. & J. Heald Legumes of Indochina: a checklist. 1994 (Leg Indochina)
  32. Lock, J. M. & K. Simpson Legumes of West Asia: a checklist. 1991 (Leg WAsia)
  33. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  34. McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  35. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  36. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  37. Norton, J. et al. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar. (Ill L Qatar)
  38. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  39. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  40. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  41. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  42. Shinners, L. H. 1956. Authorship and nomenclature of bur clovers (Medicago) found wild in the United States (Rhodora) 58:5.
  43. Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  44. Small, E. 1981. A numerical analysis of major groupings in Medicago employing traditionally used characters Canad. J. Bot. 59:1555.
  45. Small, E. & M. Jomphe 1989. A synopsis of the genus Medicago (Leguminosae) Canad. J. Bot. 67:3272.
  46. Small, E. et al. 1981. The taxonomic value of floral characters in tribe Trigonelleae (Leguminosae), with special reference to Medicago Canad. J. Bot. 59:1580.
  47. Smythies, B. E. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882. (L Spain)
  48. Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. (F BritStace)
  49. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  50. Täckholm, V. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2. (SF Egypt)
  51. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  52. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  53. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  54. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  55. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  56. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  57. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  58. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Medicago polymorpha L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=23645. Accessed 19 June 2018.