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Taxon: Medicago polymorpha L.

 
Genus: Medicago
Section: Spirocarpos
Subsection: Leptospireae
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 23645
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:779. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: since Medicago polymorpha L. did not have a holotype or syntypes, all 13 varietal names of Linnaeus are validly published fide Shenzhen ICN Art. 26, Ex. 4
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 09-Jun-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 620 (567 active, 554 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage; forage
  • Environmental: soil improver
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Germany
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Adventive

    Northern America
    • Mexico


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Vietnam

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Netherlands, Switzerland

    Northern America
    • United States

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, Guatemala
    • BRAZIL: Brazil (s.)
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (e.-c.), Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  3. Batra, L. R. 1995. Names of Japanese plants sorted by their Japanese names in Romanized Katakana and scientific nomenclature
  4. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  5. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  6. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  7. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  9. Duke, J. A. 1981. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance
  10. Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Medicago+polymorpha&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  13. Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2
  14. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  15. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 2000. International code of botanical nomenclature (Saint Louis Code) Art. 26.2, Ex. 4.
  16. Heyn, C. C. 1963. The annual species of Medicago. Scripta Hierosolymitana 12:71.
  17. Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California
  18. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  19. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  20. Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang. 1987. Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117.
  21. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  22. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  23. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  24. Isely, D. 1998. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii)
  25. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  26. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
  27. Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa Note: poisonous
  28. Kumar, S & P. V. Sane. 2003. Legumes of South Asia: a checklist.
  29. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  30. Lesins, K. A. & I. Lesins. 1979. Genus Medicago (Leguminosae). A taxogenetic study 196.
  31. Lock, J. M. & J. Heald. 1994. Legumes of Indochina: a checklist
  32. Lock, J. M. & K. Simpson. 1991. Legumes of West Asia: a checklist
  33. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  34. McVaugh, R. 1983-. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  35. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. Note: = Medicago hispida Gaertn.
  36. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  37. Norton, J. et al. 2009. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar.
  38. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  39. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  40. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  41. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants Note: = Medicago nigra
  42. Shinners, L. H. 1956. Authorship and nomenclature of bur clovers (Medicago) found wild in the United States. Rhodora 58:5.
  43. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  44. Small, E. & M. Jomphe. 1989. A synopsis of the genus Medicago (Leguminosae). Canad. J. Bot. 67:3272.
  45. Small, E. et al. 1981. The taxonomic value of floral characters in tribe Trigonelleae (Leguminosae), with special reference to Medicago. Canad. J. Bot. 59:1580.
  46. Small, E. 1981. A numerical analysis of major groupings in Medicago employing traditionally used characters. Canad. J. Bot. 59:1555. Note: nom. ambig.?
  47. Smythies, B. E. 1984-1986. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882.
  48. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  49. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala. Note: = Medicago hispida Gaertn.
  50. Täckholm, V. 1974. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2.
  51. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  52. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  53. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  54. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource).
  55. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/fabaceae/medicago-polymorpha/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  56. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  57. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  58. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.

Check other web resources for Medicago polymorpha L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=23645. Accessed 16 September 2019.