Taxon: Medicago rugosa Desr.

Genus: Medicago
Section: Spirocarpos
Subsection: Rotatae
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 23674
Place of publication: J. B. A. P. M. de Lamarck, Encycl. 3:632. 1792
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 28-Oct-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-Oct-2017
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 61 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: soil improver (fide Cover Crop Database)
  • Animal food: forage (occasional, fide F Palest)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Libya ; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Cyprus ; Israel ; Lebanon ; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Greece ; Italy ; Malta

  • Naturalized

  • Europe

    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain

  • Cultivated


  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  • Heyn, C. C. 1963. The annual species of Medicago Scripta Hierosolymitana 12:41.
  • Lesins, K. A. & I. Lesins 1979. Genus Medicago (Leguminosae). A taxogenetic study. 1979 (Gen Medicago) 150.
  • Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  • Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. (F Tunis)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  • Small, E. 1981. A numerical analysis of major groupings in Medicago employing traditionally used characters Canad. J. Bot. 59:1555.
  • Small, E. & M. Jomphe 1989. A synopsis of the genus Medicago (Leguminosae) Canad. J. Bot. 67:3271.
  • Small, E. et al. 1981. The taxonomic value of floral characters in tribe Trigonelleae (Leguminosae), with special reference to Medicago Canad. J. Bot. 59:1580.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)


Check other web resources for Medicago rugosa Desr. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image