Taxon: Allium sativum L.

Genus: Allium
Subgenus: Allium
Section: Allium
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Tribe: Allieae
Nomen number: 2368
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:296. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 12-Jan-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 30-Jan-2008
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 314 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):99. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Biodiv Conserv 13:459. 2004)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Lampe & McCann; Cooper & Johnson ed2)

Distributional Range:



  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya ; Tanzania ; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Spain Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad ; Eritrea ; Ethiopia ; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Egypt ; Libya ; Morocco ; Tunisia
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola ; Malawi ; Mozambique ; Zambia ; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana
    • West Tropical Africa: Burkina Faso ; Guinea ; Mali ; Mauritania ; Niger ; Nigeria ; Senegal
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan ; Georgia ; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Korea
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan ; Tajikistan ; Turkmenistan ; Uzbekistan
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation-Far East Far East
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Indochina ; Thailand
    • Malesia: Indonesia ; Malaysia ; Philippines
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia Victoria
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Moldova ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Czechoslovakia ; Germany ; Hungary ; Poland ; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Greece ; Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Canada ; Mexico ; United States
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Central America: Central America
    • Western South America: Ecuador


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