Taxon: Allium sativum L.

 
Genus: Allium
  Subgenus: Allium
    Section: Allium
Family: Amaryllidaceae
  Subfamily: Allioideae
      Tribe: Allieae
Nomen number: 2368
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:296. 1753
Name Verified on: 12-Jan-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 30-Jan-2008
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 438 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):99. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Biodiv Conserv 13:459. 2004)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Lampe & McCann; Cooper & Johnson ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . possible origin c. Asia

    Cultivated:

    • : Canada; Mexico; United States
  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana
    • West Tropical Africa: Burkina Faso; Guinea; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Korea
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation-Far East - Far East
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Indochina; Thailand
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - Victoria
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Poland; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; Mexico; United States
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Central America: Central America
    • Western South America: Ecuador

References:

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  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
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