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Taxon: Allium sativum L.

 
Genus: Allium
Subgenus: Allium
Section: Allium
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Tribe: Allieae
Nomen number: 2368
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:296. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 12-Jan-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 437 (314 active, 273 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):99. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Biodiv Conserv 13:459. 2004)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated



    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Burkina Faso, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Indochina, Thailand
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Victoria]

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Greece, Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador


    Other (possible origin c. Asia)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource).
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Balick, M. J. et al. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85
  4. Batra, L. R. 1995. Names of Japanese plants sorted by their Japanese names in Romanized Katakana and scientific nomenclature
  5. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  6. Brewster, J. L. 1994. Onions and other vegetable alliums. Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 3:10.
  7. Cavagnaro, P. F. & C. R. Galmarini. 2007. Chapter 12. Garlic. Genome mapping and molecular breeding in plants (7 vols.) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. 5:349-364.
  8. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  9. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  10. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  11. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  12. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  13. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Allium+sativum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  15. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  16. Hammel, B. E. et al., eds. 2003-. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica
  17. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 4:2267-2269.
  18. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955-1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  19. Hoang, H.-D. et al. 1997. Additional notes to the checklist of Korean cultivated plants (5). Consolidated summary and indexes. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 44:354.
  20. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
  21. Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India. Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  22. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  23. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  24. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  25. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  26. Maaß, H. I. & M. Klaas. 1995. Infraspecific differentiation of garlic (Allium sativum L.) by isozyme and RAPD markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 91:89-97. Note: recognizes four major groups, one of which includes Allium longicuspis
  27. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  28. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  29. Messiaen, C.-M. et al. 1993. Les Allium alimentaires reproduits par voie végétative. 1-230.
  30. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:76
  31. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  32. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  33. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  34. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  35. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 8:77-80.
  36. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:341.
  37. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  38. Stearn, W. T. 1944. Notes on the genus Allium in the Old World. Herbertia 11:11-34.
  39. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  40. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  41. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Allium sativum L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=2368. Accessed 23 July 2019.