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Taxon: Allium schoenoprasum L.

 
Genus: Allium
Subgenus: Cepa
Section: Schoenoprasum
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Tribe: Allieae
Nomen number: 2369
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:301. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358320
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 02-Jun-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 59 (33 active, 22 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (leaves as herb, spice)
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Iraq (n.), Turkey (e.)
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Buryatia, Gorno-Altay, Tuva, Yakutia-Sakha, Altay, Krasnoyarsk, Taymyr, Chita, Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Novosibirsk, Tomsk, Tyumen, Yamal Nenets]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (e.), Kyrgyzstan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Khabarovsk, Primorye, Kamchatka]
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Hokkaidô, Honshu]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation [Nenets]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territories, Yukon] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia, Nunavut]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia, Connecticut]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Minnesota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon (n.), Washington (e.), Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Maryland]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Allium_schoenoprasum/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Batra, L. R. 1995. Names of Japanese plants sorted by their Japanese names in Romanized Katakana and scientific nomenclature
  4. Brewster, J. L. 1994. Onions and other vegetable alliums. Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 3:14.
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  6. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986-1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols.
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  10. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Allium+schoenoprasum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Friesen, N. & F. R. Blattner. 2000. RAPD analysis reveals geographic differentiations within Allium schoenoprasum L. (Alliaceae). Pl. Biol. 2:297-305.
  13. Friesen, N. 1996. A taxonomic and chorological revision of the genus Allium L. sect. Schoenoprason Dumort.. Candollea 51:467.
  14. Havey, M. J. 1991. Phylogenetic relationships among cultivated Allium species from restriction enzyme analysis of the chloroplast genome. Theor. Appl. Genet. 81:752-757.
  15. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955-1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  16. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  17. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  18. Kik, C. 2002. Chapter 4. Exploitation of wild relatives for the breeding of cultivated Allium species. Allium crop science: recent advances CABI Publications. 81-100.
  19. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  20. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  21. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  22. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  23. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  24. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  25. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  26. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  27. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  28. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  29. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  30. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  31. Raamsdonk, L. W. D. van et al. 2000. Phylogeny reconstruction and hybrid analysis in Allium subgenus Rhizirideum. Theor. Appl. Genet. 100:1000-1009.
  32. Raamsdonk, L. W. D. van et al. 2003. Biodiversity assessment based in cpDNA and crossability analysis in selected species of Allium subgenus Rhizirideum. Theor. Appl. Genet. 107:1048-1058.
  33. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  34. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  35. Sancir, C. 1992. A revision of the genus Allium L. in the flora of Mongolian People's Republic. The genus Allium - taxonomic problems and genetic resources. Proceedings of an international symposium held at Gatersleben, Germany, June 11-13, 1991 289-296. Note: recognized in the subg. Rhizirideum sect. Schoenoprasum
  36. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  37. Seymour, F. 1969. The flora of New England.
  38. Stearn, W. T. 1944. Notes on the genus Allium in the Old World. Herbertia 11:11-34.
  39. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  40. Voss, E. 1972-. Michigan flora.
  41. Weakley, A. S. 2011. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states.
  42. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Allium schoenoprasum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=2369. Accessed 19 October 2019.