Taxon: Allium schoenoprasum L.

 
Genus: Allium
Subgenus: Cepa
Section: Schoenoprasum
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Tribe: Allieae
Nomen number: 2369
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:301. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 02-Jun-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-Jun-2009
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 33 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (leaves as herb, spice fide Crop Prod Sci Hort 3:14. 1994)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of leek (fide Allium Crop Sci 89. 2002)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of Welsh onion (based on hybrid formation by ovary culture fide Bull. Fukuoka Agric. Res. Cent. 26:25-30.)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Lampe & McCann)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Iraq (n.), Turkey (e.)
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Buryatia, Gorno-Altay, Tuva, Yakutia-Sakha, Altay, Krasnoyarsk, Taymyr, Chita, Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Novosibirsk, Tomsk, Tyumen, Yamal Nenets]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (e.), Kyrgyzstan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Primorye]
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Hokkaido, Honshu]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation [Nenets]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Quebec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia, Nunavut]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Minnesota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon (n.), Washington (e.), Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Maryland]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Batra, L. R. Names of Japanese plants sorted by their Japanese names in Romanized Katakana and scientific nomenclature. 1995 (Names Batra)
  4. Brewster, J. L. 1994. Onions and other vegetable alliums Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 3:14.
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  6. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. (HerbSpices)
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  9. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  10. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
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  12. Friesen, N. 1996. A taxonomic and chorological revision of the genus Allium L. sect. Schoenoprason Dumort. (Candollea) 51:467.
  13. Friesen, N. & F. R. Blattner 2000. RAPD analysis reveals geographic differentiations within Allium schoenoprasum L. (Alliaceae) Pl. Biol. 2:297-305.
  14. Havey, M. J. 1991. Phylogenetic relationships among cultivated Allium species from restriction enzyme analysis of the chloroplast genome Theor. Appl. Genet. 81:752-757.
  15. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. (F Pacif NW)
  16. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  17. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  18. Kik, C. 2002. Chapter 4. Exploitation of wild relatives for the breeding of cultivated Allium species (Allium Crop Sci) 81-100.
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  22. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  23. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  24. Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. (Mansfeld)
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  32. Raamsdonk, L. W. D. van et al. 2003. Biodiversity assessment based in cpDNA and crossability analysis in selected species of Allium subgenus Rhizirideum Theor. Appl. Genet. 107:1048-1058.
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  40. Umehara, M. et al. 2007. Production and characterization of interspecific hybrids between Allium fistulosum L. and Allium schoenoprasum L. Bull. Fukuoka Agric. Res. Center 26:25-30.
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Check other web resources for Allium schoenoprasum L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=2369. Accessed 24 April 2018.