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Taxon: Allium schoenoprasum L.

 
Genus: Allium
Subgenus: Cepa
Section: Schoenoprasum
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Tribe: Allieae
Nomen number: 2369
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:301. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358320
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 02-Jun-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 07-Aug-2018
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 59 (33 active, 45 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (leaves as herb, spice)
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Iraq (n.), Turkey (e.)
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Buryatia, Gorno-Altay, Tuva, Yakutia-Sakha, Altay, Krasnoyarsk, Taymyr, Chita, Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Novosibirsk, Tomsk, Tyumen, Yamal Nenets]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (e.), Kyrgyzstan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Khabarovsk, Primorye, Kamchatka]
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Hokkaido, Honshu]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation [Nenets]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Quebec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia, Nunavut]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Minnesota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon (n.), Washington (e.), Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Maryland]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Batra, L. R. Names of Japanese plants sorted by their Japanese names in Romanized Katakana and scientific nomenclature. 1995 (Names Batra)
  4. Brewster, J. L. 1994. Onions and other vegetable alliums Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 3:14.
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  6. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. (HerbSpices)
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  9. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  10. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Friesen, N. 1996. A taxonomic and chorological revision of the genus Allium L. sect. Schoenoprason Dumort. (Candollea) 51:467.
  13. Friesen, N. & F. R. Blattner 2000. RAPD analysis reveals geographic differentiations within Allium schoenoprasum L. (Alliaceae) Pl. Biol. 2:297-305.
  14. Havey, M. J. 1991. Phylogenetic relationships among cultivated Allium species from restriction enzyme analysis of the chloroplast genome Theor. Appl. Genet. 81:752-757.
  15. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. (F Pacif NW)
  16. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  17. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  18. Kik, C. 2002. Chapter 4. Exploitation of wild relatives for the breeding of cultivated Allium species (Allium Crop Sci) 81-100.
  19. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  20. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  21. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  22. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  23. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  24. Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. (Mansfeld)
  25. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  26. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  27. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  28. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  29. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  30. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  31. Raamsdonk, L. W. D. van et al. 2000. Phylogeny reconstruction and hybrid analysis in Allium subgenus Rhizirideum Theor. Appl. Genet. 100:1000-1009.
  32. Raamsdonk, L. W. D. van et al. 2003. Biodiversity assessment based in cpDNA and crossability analysis in selected species of Allium subgenus Rhizirideum Theor. Appl. Genet. 107:1048-1058.
  33. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  34. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  35. Sancir, C. 1992. A revision of the genus Allium L. in the flora of Mongolian People's Republic (Allium TaxGR) 289-296.
  36. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  37. Seymour, F. The flora of New England. (F NEng)
  38. Stearn, W. T. 1944. Notes on the genus Allium in the Old World (Herbertia) 11:11-34.
  39. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  40. Umehara, M. et al. 2007. Production and characterization of interspecific hybrids between Allium fistulosum L. and Allium schoenoprasum L. Bull. Fukuoka Agric. Res. Center 26:25-30.
  41. Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)
  42. Weakley, A. S. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states. (F S Mid Atl US)
  43. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Allium schoenoprasum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=2369. Accessed 22 October 2018.