Taxon: Melilotus albus Medik.

 
Genus: Melilotus
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Papilionoideae
      Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 23989
Place of publication: Vorles. Churpfälz. Phys.-öcon. Ges. 2:382. 1787 "alba"
Comment: most references list Desr. in Lam. (not Medikus) as author
Name Verified on: 25-Aug-1989 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Mar-2017
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 509 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production (fide Leg Queensl; F USSR; Dict Econ Pl, as Melilotus alba)
  • Environmental: soil improver (green manure fide Leg WorldEc; Cover Crop Database; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Crops US; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kellerman et al.; Cooper & Johnson ed2; Kingsbury; Pammel)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Rep NCEPPC; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Egypt; Libya
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Pakistan
    • Indo-China: Myanmar
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Poland
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Qatar; United Arab Emirates
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; South America; United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • : Canada; South America; United States
    • Central America: Central America

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. 1976- (F Libya)
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. 1972- (Intermt F)
  • Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foster, S. & C. Hobbs A field guide to Western medicinal plants and herbs. 2002 (W Med Pl Herbs)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Fu, Y. C. et al. Flora intramongolica. 1977- (F InnMong)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. 1992 (L Oman)
  • Graham, E. H. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412. 1941 (Leg ErWild)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Hacker, J. B. A guide to herbaceous and shrub legumes of Queensland. 1990 (Leg Queensl)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. 1993 (L Macar ed4)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Inst. Bot. V. L. Komarova, Acad. Sci. URSS Plantae asiae centralis. 1963- (F CAsia)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. 1997 (F Korea)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Lock, J. M. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. 1989 (Leg Africa)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • Magness, J. R. et al. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1. 1971 (Crops US)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. 1988-1990 (F Saudi ed3)
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:110.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Norton, J. et al. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar. 2009 (Ill L Qatar)
  • Pammel, L. H. Manual of poisonous plants. 1911 (Pammel)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Press, J. R. & M. J. Short, eds. Flora of Madeira. 1994 (F Madeira)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Sales, F. & I. C. Hedge 1993. Melilotus Miller (Leguminosae): typification and nomenclature Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 51:172.
  • Small, E. et al. 1981. The taxonomic value of floral characters in tribe Trigonelleae (Leguminosae), with special reference to Medicago Canad. J. Bot. 59:1581.
  • Stevenson, G. A. 1969. An agronomic and taxonomic review of the genus Melilotus Mill. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 49:4.
  • Täckholm, V. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2. 1974 (SF Egypt)
  • Thulin, M. Leguminosae of Ethiopia. Opera Bot. 68:1-223. 1983 (Leg Ethiop)
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Voronchikhin, V. V. & N. A. Basilevskaya 1974. Opredelenie sornykh vidov roda Melilotus Adans. po plodam i semenam. (Identification of weed plants from the genus Melilotus Adans. with the help of their pods and seeds) Vestn. Moskovsk. Univ., Ser. 6, Biol. 29:34.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. 1997 (F Yemen)
  • Yakovlev, G. P. et al. Legumes of Northern Eurasia. 1996 (Leg NEurasia)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Melilotus albus Medik. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image