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Taxon: Melilotus albus Medik.

 
Genus: Melilotus
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 23989
Place of publication: Vorles. Churpfälz. Phys.-öcon. Ges. 2:382. 1787
Link to protologue:
Comment: most references list Desr. in Lam. (not Medikus) as author
Name Verified on: 25-Aug-1989 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 512 (370 active, 309 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • Bokhara-clover  (Source: Pl Book) - English
  • honey-clover  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • white melilot  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • white sweet-clover  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • handaquq  (Source: Ill L Qatar) - Arabic
  • nafal  (Source: Ill L Qatar) - Arabic
  • white sweet-clover   - English (Canada)
  • mélilot blanc  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • mélilot blanc   - French (Canada)
  • Bokharaklee  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • weißer Steinklee  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • meliloto bianco  (Source: Mult Glossary Crops) - Italian
  • shirobana-shinagawa-hagi  (Source: Pl Names) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • meliloto-branco  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • meliloto blanco  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • vit sötväppling  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • bai hua cao mu xi  (Source: F China) - Transcribed Chinese
  • huinjeondongssari  (Source: F Korea) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage; forage
  • Bee plants: honey production; honey production (as Melilotus alba)
  • Environmental: soil improver; soil improver
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt (n.), Libya (n.)

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Saudi Arabia (as M. alba Medic.), Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Poland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Qatar, United Arab Emirates

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America
    • South America


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/cultural/Melilotus_albus_K/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  4. Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils (unpublished draft)
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  6. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  7. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora.
  8. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 145.
  9. Duke, J. A. 1981. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance Note: = Melilotus alba
  10. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Melilotus+albus&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Fu, Y. C. et al. 1977-. Flora intramongolica.
  13. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  14. Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2
  15. Graham, E. H. 1941. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412.
  16. Hacker, J. B. 1990. A guide to herbaceous and shrub legumes of Queensland University of Queensland Press, St. Lucia, Australia.
  17. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  18. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. Note: = Melilotus alba
  19. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  20. Inst. Bot. V. L. Komarova, Acad. Sci. URSS. 1963-. Plantae asiae centralis.
  21. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  22. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan. Note: = Melilotus officinalis subsp. albus (Medik.) H. Ohashi & Tateishi
  23. Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa Note: poisonous
  24. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  25. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  26. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  27. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  28. Lock, J. M. 1989. Legumes of Africa: a checklist
  29. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  30. Magness, J. R. et al. 1971. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1
  31. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  32. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  33. Migahid, A. M. 1988-1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  34. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:110.
  35. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  36. Norton, J. et al. 2009. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar.
  37. Pammel, L. H. 1911. Manual of poisonous plants. Note: poisonous
  38. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  39. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  40. Press, J. R. & M. J. Short, eds. 1994. Flora of Madeira.
  41. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  42. Sales, F. & I. C. Hedge. 1993. Melilotus Miller (Leguminosae): typification and nomenclature. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 51:172. Note: designates lectotype
  43. Small, E. et al. 1981. The taxonomic value of floral characters in tribe Trigonelleae (Leguminosae), with special reference to Medicago. Canad. J. Bot. 59:1581.
  44. Stevenson, G. A. 1969. An agronomic and taxonomic review of the genus Melilotus Mill.. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 49:4.
  45. Täckholm, V. 1974. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2.
  46. Thulin, M. 1983. Leguminosae of Ethiopia. Opera Bot. 68:1-223.
  47. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  48. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  49. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  50. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource).
  51. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  52. Voronchikhin, V. V. & N. A. Basilevskaya. 1974. Opredelenie sornykh vidov roda Melilotus Adans. po plodam i semenam. (Identification of weed plants from the genus Melilotus Adans. with the help of their pods and seeds). Vestn. Moskovsk. Univ., Ser. 6, Biol. 29:34.
  53. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  54. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  55. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  56. Yakovlev, G. P. et al. 1996. Legumes of Northern Eurasia
  57. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.
  58. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Melilotus albus Medik. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=23989. Accessed 24 August 2019.