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Taxon: Melilotus indicus (L.) All.

 
Genus: Melilotus
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 24000
Place of publication: Fl. pedem. 1:308. 1785 "indica"
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 25-Aug-1989 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 121 (77 active, 76 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage; forage
  • Bee plants:
  • Environmental: soil improver
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Bahrain, Kuwait
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Russian Federation [Dagestan]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Xizang Zizhiqu]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Nepal, Pakistan

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius, Reunion

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom

    Northern America
    • Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • South America (s.)


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Melilotus_indicus/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  4. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976-. Flores des Mascareignes.
  5. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  6. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora.
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  8. Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7 Note: GEVES-SNES, Beaucouzé, France
  9. Duke, J. A. 1981. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance Note: = Melilotus indica
  10. Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  11. Everest, S. L. 1981. Poisonous plants of Australia. Note: poisonous
  12. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  13. Graham, E. H. 1941. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412.
  14. Hacker, J. B. 1990. A guide to herbaceous and shrub legumes of Queensland University of Queensland Press, St. Lucia, Australia.
  15. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  16. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  17. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  18. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  19. Inst. Bot. V. L. Komarova, Acad. Sci. URSS. 1963-. Plantae asiae centralis.
  20. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  21. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  22. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  23. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  24. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  25. Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa Note: poisonous
  26. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  27. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  28. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  29. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  30. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  31. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  32. Norton, J. et al. 2009. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar.
  33. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  34. Pammel, L. H. 1911. Manual of poisonous plants. Note: poisonous
  35. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  36. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  37. Pottier-Alapetite, G. 1979-1981. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones.
  38. Press, J. R. & M. J. Short, eds. 1994. Flora of Madeira.
  39. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  40. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  41. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  42. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  43. Small, E. et al. 1981. The taxonomic value of floral characters in tribe Trigonelleae (Leguminosae), with special reference to Medicago. Canad. J. Bot. 59:1581.
  44. Smythies, B. E. 1984-1986. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882.
  45. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  46. Stevenson, G. A. 1969. An agronomic and taxonomic review of the genus Melilotus Mill.. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 49:12.
  47. Täckholm, V. 1974. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2.
  48. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  49. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  50. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  51. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource).
  52. Voronchikhin, V. V. & N. A. Basilevskaya. 1974. Opredelenie sornykh vidov roda Melilotus Adans. po plodam i semenam. (Identification of weed plants from the genus Melilotus Adans. with the help of their pods and seeds). Vestn. Moskovsk. Univ., Ser. 6, Biol. 29:37.
  53. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  54. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  55. Yakovlev, G. P. et al. 1996. Legumes of Northern Eurasia
  56. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  57. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Melilotus indicus (L.) All. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=24000. Accessed 22 July 2019.