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Taxon: Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam.

 
Genus: Melilotus
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 24009
Place of publication: Fl. franç. 2:594. 1779 ("1778") (Pallas, Reise russ. reich. 3:537. 1776, nom. nud.)
Link to protologue:
Comment: Trifolium M. officinale L. was not cited by Lamarck, although he cited T. M. vars. for other species such as M. italicus and M. ornithopodioides, but Shenzhen ICN Art. 41.4 allows treatment as a new combination
Name Verified on: 14-Jan-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 444 (344 active, 314 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • common melilot  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • field melilot  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • ribbed melilot  (Source: F BritStace) - English
  • yellow melilot  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • yellow sweet-clover  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • yellow trefoil  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • yellow sweet-clover   - English (Canada)
  • mélilot jaune  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • mélilot officinal  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • mélilot jaune   - French (Canada)
  • echter Steinklee  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • gelber Steinklee  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • meliloto giallo  (Source: HerbSpices) - Italian
  • seiyō-ebira-hagi  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • trevo-cheiroso  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • cornilla real  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • meliloto amarillo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • trébol de olor  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • gul sötväppling  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • cao mu xi  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder; forage
  • Bee plants:
  • Environmental:
  • Food additives:
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq (n.e.), Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China (w.)

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir] Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part [European part]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Morocco
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa [Gauteng, Western Cape]

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Lebanon
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/cultural/Melilotus_officinalis_K/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils (unpublished draft)
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  5. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. 2:208.
  6. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora. Note: lists as Melilotus officinalis (L.) Pall.
  7. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 145-146.
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. Note: lists as Melilotus officinalis (L.) Desr.
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  10. Duke, J. A. 1981. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance
  11. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage Note: lists as Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam.
  12. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Melilotus+officinalis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  14. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  15. Graham, E. H. 1941. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412.
  16. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist. Note: lists as Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam.
  17. Inst. Bot. V. L. Komarova, Acad. Sci. URSS. 1963-. Plantae asiae centralis.
  18. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  19. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  20. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  21. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  22. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: lists as Melilotus officinalis (L.) Desr.
  23. Kumar, S & P. V. Sane. 2003. Legumes of South Asia: a checklist.
  24. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  25. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. Note: lists as Melilotus officinalis (L.) Pall.
  26. Lock, J. M. 1989. Legumes of Africa: a checklist
  27. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  28. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  29. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:110.
  30. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  31. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan. Note: lists as Melilotus officinalis (L.) Pall.
  32. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  33. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia. Note: lists as Melilotus officinalis (L.) Pall.
  34. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  35. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica. Note: lists as Melilotus officinalis (L.) Pall.
  36. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  37. Sales, F. & I. C. Hedge. 1993. Melilotus Miller (Leguminosae): typification and nomenclature. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 51:173. Note: lists as Melilotus officinalis (L.) Pall.
  38. Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996-. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  39. Smythies, B. E. 1984-1986. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882. Note: lists as Melilotus officinalis (L.) Pall.
  40. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  41. Stevenson, G. A. 1969. An agronomic and taxonomic review of the genus Melilotus Mill.. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 49:8. Note: lists as Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam.
  42. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq. Note: lists as Melilotus officinalis (L.) Pall.
  43. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea. Note: lists as Melilotus officinalis (L.) Pall.
  44. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource).
  45. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  46. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  47. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  48. Yakovlev, G. P. et al. 1996. Legumes of Northern Eurasia Note: lists as Melilotus officinalis (L.) Pall.
  49. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=24009. Accessed 18 October 2019.