Taxon: Mentha longifolia (L.) Huds.

 
Genus: Mentha
    Section: Mentha
Family: Lamiaceae (alt.Labiatae)
  Subfamily: Nepetoideae
      Tribe: Mentheae
        Subtribe: Menthinae
Nomen number: 24076
Place of publication: Fl. angl. 221. 1762 (Linnaeus, Fl. monspel. 19. 1756, nom. inval.)
Comment: in Fl. monspel., L. intended this as Mentha spicata var. longifolia
Name Verified on: 19-Sep-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 27-Jan-2012
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 17 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Bee plants: honey production (in the Caucasus fide F USSR)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of Japanese corn mint (fide Gen Mentha 21. 2007)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of spearmint (fide Amer J Bot 89:2017, 2018. 2002)
  • Gene sources: research in plant biology (for genetics and genomics of Mentha sect. Mentha fide HortScience 40:1228. 2005)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of apple mint (based on close affinity and crossability to Mentha suaveolens fide Pl Biol 8:476. 2006)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of bergamot mint (based on re-created hybrids with Mentha aquatica fide Gen Mentha 30. 2007)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of corn mint (based on re-created hybrids with Mentha arvensis fide J Med Act Pl 1:20. 2012)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of spearmint (based on backcrosses with Mentha spicata fide Amer J Bot 89:2022. 2002)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Cooper & Johnson ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
    • South Tropical Africa: Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa - Eastern Cape, - Free State, - Gauteng, - Limpopo, - Mpumalanga, - North West, - Northern Cape, - Western Cape; Swaziland
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Middle Asia: Turkmenistan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, - Krasnoyarsk, - Novosibirsk
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Poland; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Sweden
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Northern America

    • : Canada; United States

  • Cultivated:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Middle Asia: Turkmenistan

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Bunsawat, J. et al. 2004. Phylogenetics of Mentha (Lamiaceae): evidence from chloroplast DNA sequences Syst. Bot. 29:959-964.
  • Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares. 1989- (F Iberica)
  • Codd, L. E. 1983. Southern African species of Mentha L. (Lamiaceae) (Bothalia) 14:170.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India 1962. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. Delhi. 1948-1976 (Wealth India RM) 6:341.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Denslow, M. W. & D. B. Pointdexter 2009. Mentha suaveolens and M. × rotundifolia in North Carolina: A clarification of distribution and taxonomic identity J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 3:383-393.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Dyer, R. A. et al., eds. Flora of southern Africa. 1963- (F SAfr)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
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  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Gobert, V. et al. 2002. Hybridization in the section Mentha (Lamiaceae) inferred from AFLP markers Amer. J. Bot. 89:2017-2023.
  • Gobert, V. et al. 2002. Hybridization in the section Mentha (Lamiaceae) inferred from AFLP markers Amer. J. Bot. 89:2017-2023.
  • Gobert, V. et al. 2006. Heterogeneity of three molecular data partition phylogenies of mints related to M. × piperita (Mentha; Lamiaceae) Pl. Biol. 8:470-485.
  • Gobert, V. et al. 2006. Heterogeneity of three molecular data partition phylogenies of mints related to M. × piperita (Mentha; Lamiaceae) Pl. Biol. 8:470-485.
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
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  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. 1993 (L Macar ed4)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
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  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
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  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
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  • Stearn, W. T. 1973. Magnol's Botanicum Monspeliense and Linnaeus's Flora Monspeliensis (Nissen Festschrift) 629-630.
  • Tucker, A. O. 2012. Genetics and breeding of the genus Mentha: a model for other polyploid species with secondary constituents J. Medicin. Active Pl. 1:19-29.
  • Tucker, A. O. & R. F. C. Naczi 2007. Mentha: an overview of its classification and relationships (Gen Mentha) 21-25.
  • Tucker, A. O. & R. F. C. Naczi 2007. Mentha: an overview of its classification and relationships (Gen Mentha) 21-25.
  • Tucker, A. O. et al. 1980. The Linnaean types of Mentha (Lamiaceae) (Taxon) 29:234.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Valdés, B. et al., eds. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d'identification. 2002 (L NMaroc)
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  • Vining, K. J. et al. 2005. Mentha longifolia (L.) L.: A model species for Mint genetic research (HortScience) 40:1225-1229.
  • Vining, K. J. et al. 2005. Mentha longifolia (L.) L.: A model species for Mint genetic research (HortScience) 40:1225-1229.
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  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. 1997 (F Yemen)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
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Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Mentha longifolia (L.) Huds. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image