Taxon: Allium tuberosum Rottler ex Spreng.

Genus: Allium
Subgenus: Butomissa
Section: Butomissa
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Tribe: Allieae
Nomen number: 2409
Place of publication: Syst. veg. 2:38. 1825
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 16-Jan-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Jan-2007
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 13 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)


Common names:

  • Chinese chives  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Chinese leek  (Source: Cornucopia) - English
  • garlic chives  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Oriental garlic  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • ciboulette chinoise  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • chinesischer Schnittlauch  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Schnittknoblauch  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • nira  (Source: F JapanOhwi) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • cive chino  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • jiu  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Pl Res SEAs 8:80. 1993; Cornucopia)
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Human food: vegetable (both leaves & flowers fide Crop Prod Sci Hort 3:15. 1994)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of Chinese chives (fide Docum Domestication 134-142.)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):100. 1999; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


    • CHINA: China [Shanxi (s.w.)]


    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea, Taiwan

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.), Nepal
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    • Europe

    Northern America
    • United States

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, West Indies


    • CHINA: China (s.)


  1. Blattner, F. R. & N. Friesen Chapter 10. Relationships between Chinese chive (Allium tuberosum) and its putative progenitor A. ramosum as assessed by Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) (Docum Domestication) 134-142.
  2. Brewster, J. L. 1994. Onions and other vegetable alliums Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 3:15.
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  4. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  6. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  7. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  9. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  10. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  11. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  12. Kamentsky, R. & H. D. Rabinowitch 2006. The genus Allium: A developmental and horticultural analysis Hort. Rev. 32:329-378.
  13. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  14. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  15. Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. (Mansfeld)
  16. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  17. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  18. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  19. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  20. Oyuntsetseg, B. et al. 2012. Diploid Allium ramosum from East Mongolia: a missing link for the origin of the crop species A. tuberosum? Erforsch. Biol. Ressourcen Mongolei 12:415-424.
  21. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  23. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  24. Saghir, A. R. B. et al. 1966. Composition of volatiles in relation to taxonomy of American alliums Amer. J. Bot. 53:477.
  25. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:80-82.
  26. Stearn, W. T. 1946. Nomenclature and synonymy of Allium odorum and A. tuberosum (Herbertia) 11:227-245.
  27. Still, S. M. Manual of herbaceous ornamental plants, ed. 4. 1994 (Man HerbPl)
  28. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Allium tuberosum Rottler ex Spreng. :

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: Accessed 21 April 2018.