Taxon: Allium tuberosum Rottler ex Spreng.

 
Genus: Allium
  Subgenus: Butomissa
    Section: Butomissa
Family: Amaryllidaceae
  Subfamily: Allioideae
      Tribe: Allieae
Nomen number: 2409
Place of publication: Syst. veg. 2:38. 1825
Name Verified on: 16-Jan-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Jan-2007
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 13 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • Chinese chives  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Chinese leek  (Source: Cornucopia) - English
  • garlic chives  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Oriental garlic  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • ciboulette chinoise  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • chinesischer Schnittlauch  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Schnittknoblauch  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • nira  (Source: F JapanOhwi) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • cive chino  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • jiu  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Pl Res SEAs 8:80. 1993; Cornucopia)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Man HerbPl)
  • Human food: vegetable (both leaves & flowers fide Crop Prod Sci Hort 3:15. 1994)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of Chinese chives (fide Docum Domestication 134-142.)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):100. 1999; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Shanxi

  • Naturalized:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China

  • Cultivated:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea; Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal
    • Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Europe

    • : Europe; United States
  • Northern America

    • : Europe; United States
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Cuba; West Indies

References:

  • Bensky, D., A. Gamble, & T. J. Kaptchuk Chinese herbal medicine: Materia medica, rev. ed. 1993 (Chin Herb Med)
  • Blattner, F. R. & N. Friesen Chapter 10. Relationships between Chinese chive (Allium tuberosum) and its putative progenitor A. ramosum as assessed by Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) (Docum Domestication) 134-142.
  • Blattner, F. R. & N. Friesen Chapter 10. Relationships between Chinese chive (Allium tuberosum) and its putative progenitor A. ramosum as assessed by Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) (Docum Domestication) 134-142.
  • Brewster, J. L. 1994. Onions and other vegetable alliums Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 3:15.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Kamentsky, R. & H. D. Rabinowitch 2006. The genus Allium: A developmental and horticultural analysis Hort. Rev. 32:329-378.
  • Keys, J. D. Chinese herbs: their botany, chemistry, and pharmacodynamics. 1976 (Chin Herbs)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. 1959 (Mansfeld)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • Oyuntsetseg, B. et al. 2012. Diploid Allium ramosum from East Mongolia: a missing link for the origin of the crop species A. tuberosum? Erforsch. Biol. Ressourcen Mongolei 12:415-424.
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Saghir, A. R. B. et al. 1966. Composition of volatiles in relation to taxonomy of American alliums Amer. J. Bot. 53:477.
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:80-82.
  • Stearn, W. T. 1946. Nomenclature and synonymy of Allium odorum and A. tuberosum (Herbertia) 11:227-245.
  • Still, S. M. Manual of herbaceous ornamental plants, ed. 4. 1994 (Man HerbPl)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

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