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Taxon: Mercurialis annua L.

 
Genus: Mercurialis
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Acalyphoideae
Tribe: Acalypheae
Subtribe: Mercurialinae
Nomen number: 24100
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1035. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 09-May-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 5 (2 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • annual mercury  (Source: pers. comm.) - English
  • French mercury  (Source: Zander Ency) - English
  • herb mercury  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • annual mercury   - English (Canada)
  • mercuriale annuelle   - French (Canada)
  • einjähriges Bingelkraut  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • grenbingel  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables
  3. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  4. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 161-162.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  6. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  8. Govaerts, R. et al. 2000. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae
  9. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  10. Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California
  11. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  12. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  13. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  14. Radcliffe-Smith, A. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  15. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  16. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  17. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/euphorbiaceae/mercurialis-annua/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  18. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Mercurialis annua L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=24100. Accessed 22 November 2019.