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Taxon: Fragaria ×ananassa Duchesne ex Rozier

Genus: Fragaria
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Rosoideae
Tribe: Potentilleae
Subtribe: Fragariinae
Nomen number: 244
Place of publication: Cours compl. agric. 5:52, t. 5, fig. 1. 1785 (A. N. Duchesne in J. B. A. P. M. de Lamarck, Encycl. 2:538. 1788)(A. N. Duchesne, Hist. nat. frais. 190. 1766, as "races principales")
Link to protologue:
Comment: [= Fragaria chiloensis × F. virginiana]
Name Verified on: 24-Mar-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 604 (603 active, 555 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: beverage base; fruit; fruit

Distributional Range:


    Northern America
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia (s.w.)]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Oregon (w.), Washington (w.)]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California (n.w.)]

    Cultivated (widely cult.)


  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/cultural/Fragaria_ananassa_K/ target='_blank'
  2. Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. 1989-. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares. Note: lists as Fragaria ×ananassa (Weston) Duchesne ex Rozier
  3. Conrad, L. R. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. German common names
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. Note: lists as Fragaria ×ananassa Duchesne
  5. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage Note: = Fragaria ×magna Thuill.
  6. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage Note: lists as Fragaria ×ananassa (Duchesne) Guédès
  8. Feuillet, C. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. French common names
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Fragaria+x+ananassa&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  10. Guédès, M. 1981. No species names for strawberries ever published by A. N. Duchesne. Taxon 30:299. Note: ?= Fragaria ×magna Thuill.
  11. Guédès, M. 1984. Naming the dessert strawberry (Rosaceae). Taxon 33:724-725. Note: lists as Fragaria ×ananassa (Duchesne) Guédès
  12. Hammer, K. & K. Pistrick. 2003. New versus old scientific names in strawberries (Fragaria L.). Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 50:789-791. Note: lists as Fragaria ×ananassa Duchesne ex Rozier
  13. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening Note: lists as Fragaria ×ananassa Duchesne
  14. IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  15. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  16. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Note: lists as Fragaria ×ananassa Duchesne
  17. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: lists as Fragaria ×ananassa Duchesne
  18. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  19. León, B. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. Spanish common names
  20. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. Note: lists as Fragaria ×ananassa Duchesne
  21. Liu, B. et al. 2016. Insight into octoploid strawberry (Fragaria) subgenome composition revealed by GISH analysis of pentaploid hybrids. Genome 59:79-86.
  22. Mabberley, D. J. 2002. Potentilla and Fragaria (Rosaceae) reunited. Telopea 9:796. Note: = Potentilla ×ananassa (Duchesne ex Rozier) Mabb.
  23. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  24. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:100.
  25. Nicolson, D. H. 1984. Nomenclat. Ed. note: M. Guédès, "Naming the desert strawberry (Rosaceae)". Taxon 33:725-726. Note: counters Guédès's arguments, defending continued usage of Fragaria ×ananassa Duchesne
  26. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  27. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  28. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  29. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  30. Staudt, G. 1996. In Erwerbsobstbau: The correct scientific names of the cultivated strawberries. 38:45. Note: lists as Fragaria ×ananassa Duchesne
  31. Staudt, G. 1999. Systematics and geographical distribution of the American strawberry species. Taxonomic studies in the genus Fragaria (Rosaceae: Potentilleae). Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 81:125. Note: lists as Fragaria ×ananassa Duchesne
  32. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana. Note: lists as Fragaria ×ananassa (Duchesne) Guédès
  33. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea. Note: lists as Fragaria ×ananassa Duchesne
  34. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 2:171. Note: lists as Fragaria ×ananassa (Duchesne) Guédès
  35. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora. Note: lists as Fragaria ×ananassa Duchesne

Check other web resources for Fragaria ×ananassa Duchesne ex Rozier :

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=244. Accessed 5 July 2020.