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Taxon: Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Mill.

 
Genus: Fragaria
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Rosoideae
Tribe: Potentilleae
Subtribe: Fragariinae
Nomen number: 246
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Fragaria no. 4. 1768 (A. N. Duchesne, Hist. nat. frais. 165. 1766, as "races principales")
Link to protologue:
Comment: Duchesne's (1766) usage of binary names for "races principales" do not qualify as species names
Name Verified on: 24-Mar-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 24-Mar-2006
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 13 (13 active, 10 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • beach strawberry  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Chilean strawberry  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • Chiloe strawberry  (Source: Zander ed16) - English
  • chilère  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • fraisier du Chili  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Chileerdbeere  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • moranguiero-do-Chile  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • fresa chilena  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • frutilla  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit; fruit

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: United States [Alaska (s. (coastal))]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia (coastal)]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Oregon (coastal), Washington (coastal)]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California (coastal)]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (s.), Chile (s.)


    Cultivated

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (w.?), Chile


References:

  1. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  2. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  3. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  4. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  5. Govindarajulu, R. et al. 2015. Comparison of nuclear, plastid, and mitochondrial phylogenies and the origin of wild octoploid strawberry species Amer. J. Bot. 104: doi: 10.3732/ajb.1500026
  6. Hancock, J. F. et al. 2004. Taxonomic variation among North and South American subspecies of Fragaria virginiana Miller and Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Miller Canad. J. Bot. 82:1632-1644.
  7. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. (F Pacif NW)
  8. Hokanson, K. E. et al. 2006. Relationships among subspecies of New World octoploid strawberry species, Fragaria virginiana and Fragaria chiloensis, based on simple sequence repeat marker analysis Canad. J. Bot. 84:1829-1841.
  9. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  10. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  11. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  12. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  13. Mabberley, D. J. 2002. Potentilla and Fragaria (Rosaceae) reunited (Telopea) 9:797.
  14. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  15. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck A California flora. (F CalifMunz)
  16. Njuguna, W. et al. 2013. Insights into phylogeny, sex function and age of Fragaria based on whole chloroplast genome sequencing Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 66:17-29.
  17. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  18. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  19. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  20. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  21. St. John, H. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands. 1973 (L Hawaii)
  22. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  23. Staudt, G. 1989. The species of Fragaria, their taxonomy and geographical distribution Acta Hort. 265:29.
  24. Staudt, G. 2009. Strawberry biogeography, genetics and systematics Acta Hort. 842:71-83.
  25. Staudt, G. 1962. Taxonomic studies in the genus Fragaria. Typification of Fragaria species known at the time of Linnaeus Canad. J. Bot. 40:881.
  26. Staudt, G. 1999. Systematics and geographical distribution of the American strawberry species. Taxonomic studies in the genus Fragaria (Rosaceae: Potentilleae) Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 81:100.
  27. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  28. Wagner, W. L. et al. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i. 1990 (F Hawaii)

Check other web resources for Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Mill. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=246. Accessed 18 November 2018.