Taxon: Morus alba L.

Genus: Morus
Family: Moraceae
Tribe: Moreae
Nomen number: 24607
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:986. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 03-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 03-Mar-2004
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 29 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Krussmann)
  • Environmental: revegetator (fide F USSR, Invasive Pl Spec, Econ Pl Aust)
  • Invertebrate food: silkworms (fide F USSR; F Eur ed2; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):362. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Rep NCEPPC; Invasive Pl Spec; Weeds SAfr 2001)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Japan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Malesia: Borneo ; Indonesia Celebes, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas; Philippines
    • Papuasia: New Guinea
  • Europe

    • Europe
  • Northern America

    • United States
    • Eastern Canada: Canada Ontario
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • South America

  • Cultivated


  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. (Wealth India RM)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  • Kitagawa, M. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae. (F Manshur)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:110.
  • Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University Medicinal plants in the Republic of Korea. WHO Regional Publications Western Pacific Series No. 21. (Med Pl Korea)
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):362.
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. Flora of Thailand. (F Thailand)
  • Soukup, J. Vocabulario de los nombres vulgares de la flora peruana. (Names Soukup) 217.
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. (F Males)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, ed. 2. (F Eur ed2)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Morus alba L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Morus alba cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image