Taxon: Alocasia macrorrhizos (L.) G. Don

 
Genus: Alocasia
Family: Araceae
  Subfamily: Aroideae
      Tribe: Colocasieae
Nomen number: 2492
Place of publication: R. Sweet, Hort. brit. ed. 3:631. 1839 "macrorhizon"
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 06-Nov-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 06-Nov-2006
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 22 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed13)
  • Human food: starch (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Human food: vegetable (leaves and stem cooked fide F Ceylon)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of giant taro (based on affinities to cultivated Alocasia macrorrhizos fide Molec Phylogenet Evol 63:46, 47. 2012)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Lampe & McCann; Everist; Econ Pl Aust)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Malesia: Indonesia - Kalimantan; Malaysia; Philippines
    • Papuasia: Solomon Islands
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - Queensland

  • Naturalized:

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Sri Lanka
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Celebes, - Java, - Lesser Sunda Islands, - Sumatra
  • Northern America

    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Marshall Islands
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia - Society Islands
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; New Caledonia; Samoa; Tonga; Vanuatu
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Puerto Rico
    • Central America: Costa Rica; Nicaragua
    • Northern South America: Suriname
    • Western South America: Peru

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult.

    Adventive:

    . adventive elsewhere

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. 1963-1968 (F Java)
  • Balick, M. J. et al. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85. 2000 (L Belize NY)
  • Boggan, J. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas, ed. 2. 1997 (L Guianas ed2)
  • Bunting, G. S. & D. H. Nicolson 1963. The Alocasia plumbea confusion (Baileya) 11:143-146.
  • Burger, W. C., ed. Flora costaricensis. 1971- (F CostaR)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1987. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon) 6:58.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Everest, S. L. Poisonous plants of Australia. 1981 (Everist)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Funk, V. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. 2007 (L Guiana Shield)
  • Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin World checklist and bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae). 2002 (L Araceae)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hay, A. 1998. The genus Alocasia (Araceae-Colocasieae) in west Malesia and Sulawesi Gard. Bull. Singapore 50:221-334.
  • Hay, A. 1999. The genus Alocasia (Araceae-Colocasieae) in th Philippines Gard. Bull. Singapore 51:1-41.
  • Hay, A. et al. Checklist & botanical bibliography of the aroids of Malesia, Australia, and the tropical western Pacific. Blumea suppl. 8. 1995 (L Aroid Males)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, ed. 2. 2000 (F PR ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • National Institute for the Control of Pharmaceutical & Biological Products Colour atlas of Chinese traditional drugs, Vol 1. 1987 (Atlas Chin Drugs)
  • Nauheimer, L. et al. 2012. Giant taro and its relatives: a phylogeny of the large genus Alocasia (Araceae) sheds light on Miocene floristic exchange in the Malesian region Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 63:43-51.
  • Nicolson, D. H. 1986. Species epithets and gender information (Taxon) 35:326.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Quero Garcia, J. et al. 2008. Morphological variation and reproductive characteristics of wild giant taro (Alocasia macrorrhizos, Araceae) populations in Vanuatu New Zealand J. Bot. 45:189-203.
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). 2001 (F Nicaragua)
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i. 1990 (F Hawaii)
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. 1976 (F Okin)
  • Wunderlin, R. P. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida. 1998 (F Florida)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Alocasia macrorrhizos (L.) G. Don :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Alocasia macrorrhizos cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

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